al-Ma'un · Juz 30 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah Al-Ma’un Ayah 3

Ayah 3

Talking about the one who drives away an orphan, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says next

وَلاَ يَحُضُّ عَلَى طَعَامِ الْمِسْكِينِ

“And urges not the feeding of Al-Miskeen.”

Here ‘Yahuddu’ means that the person neither persuades his own self nor tells the people of his household to provide the poor man with his food. He does not do anything himself and does not urge others either to recognize the rights of the poor and needy people who have nothing to sustain themselves and are starving out of hunger.

This is similar to what Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah Al-Fajr ayah 17 – 18, “Nay! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity! And urge not one another on the feeding of Al-Miskeen!” 

Here, by giving only two conspicuous examples, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has pointed out what kind of evils are produced in the people who deny the Hereafter. The objective is not to point out only these two evils (the driving away of the orphans and not urging giving food to the poor) as a result of the denial of the Hereafter, but of the countless evils which are thus produced consequently.

The two evils presented are those which every noble and sound-natured person will regard as hateful. If the person had Belief in the Hereafter, the fear that one day he has to give an account of his deeds, he would not have committed such evils as depriving an orphan of his rights, repulsing and tyrannizing him; neither feeding the poor himself nor urging others to do so.

Those who believe in the akhirah do good and urge others to do good as well. They exhort mercy towards each other. 

We should remember whatever food or wealth we have is a gift of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and a right of others upon us. We cannot deprive the poor or the orphans of what is their right. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah Adh-Dhariyat ayah 19, “And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived.”

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