An-Nisa · Juz 4 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer of Surah an-Nisa Ayah 7

Topic: The Necessity of Surrendering the Inheritance According to the Portions that Allah Ordained

Right from the opening of Surah an-Nisa, the theme of universal human rights particularly those relating to family life has been appearing regularly. The previous ayaat dealt with the rights of orphans. The ayah here also takes up particular rights of women and orphans which relate to inheritance.

Ayah 7 refutes the custom of jahiliyyah under which women were just not allowed to inherit. The ayah declares their entitlement to their share as fixed by Islamic law and strictly forbids any attempt to decrease their due right.

Saeed bin Jubayr and Qatadah said, “The idolators used to give adult men a share of inheritance and deprive women and children of it. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala revealed;

لِّلرِّجَالِ نَصيِبٌ مِّمَّا تَرَكَ الْوَلِدَنِ وَالاٌّقْرَبُونَ

 “There is a share for men from what is left by parents and those nearest in relation.” Therefore, everyone is equal in Allah’s decision to inherit, even though their shares vary according to the degree of their relationship to the deceased, whether being a relative, spouse, etc.

Ibn Marduwyah reported that Jabir said, “Umm Kujjah came to the Messenger of Allah and said to him, `O Messenger of Allah! I have two daughters whose father died, and they do not own anything.’ So Allah revealed;

لِّلرِّجَالِ نَصيِبٌ مِّمَّا تَرَكَ الْوَلِدَنِ وَالاٌّقْرَبُونَ

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