An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

The Seven Destructive Sins

 

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In the Two Saheehs, it is recorded that Abu Huraira radhiAllahu ‘anhu said that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam  said,

اجْتَنِبُوا السَّبْعَ الْمُوبِقَات

“Avoid the seven great destructive sins.”

The people inquired, “O Allah’s Messenger! What are they?” He said,

الشِّرْكُ بِاللهِ، وَقَتْلُ النَّفْسِ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ، وَالسِّحْرُ، وَأَكْلُ الرِّبَا، وَأَكْلُ مَالِ الْيَتِيمِ، وَالتَّوَلِّي يَوْمَ الزَّحْفِ، وَقَذْفُ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ الْغَافِلَات

“To join others in worship along with Allah, to kill the life which Allah has forbidden except for a just cause, magic, to consume Riba, to consume an orphan’s wealth, to turn away from the enemy and flee from the battlefield when the battle begins, and to accuse chaste women, who never even think of anything that would tarnish their chastity and are good believers.” 

Another Hadeeth that mentions False Witness

Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas ibn Malik radhiAllahu ‘anhu said, “The Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam mentioned the major sins, or was asked about the major sins. He said,

الشِّرْكُ بِاللهِ، وَقَتْلُ النَّفْسِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْن

“Associating others with Allah in worship, killing the life, and being undutiful to the parents.” He then said,

أَلَا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِأَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ؟ قَوْلُ الزُّورِ أَوْ شَهَادَةُ الزُّورِ 

“Should I tell you about the biggest of the major sins? The false statement – or the false testimony.” Shu`bah – one of the narrators of the hadeeth – said, “Most likely, in my opinion, he said, `False testimony.'” The Two Saheehs recorded this hadeeth from Shu`bah from Anas.

Another hadeeth in the Two Saheehs, it is recorded that Abdur Rahman ibn Abi Bakrah said that his father said, “The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,

أَلَا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِأَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ؟

‘Should I inform you about the greatest of the great sins?’

We said, ‘Yes, O Allah’s Messenger !’ He said,

الِإشْرَاكُ بِاللهِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْن

‘To join others in worship with Allah and to be undutiful to one’s parents.’ He was reclining, then he sat up and said;

أَلَا وَشَهَادَةُ الزُّورِ، أَلَا وَقَوْلُ الزُّور

‘And I warn you against false testimony and false speech.’ and he continued repeating it until we wished that he would stop.”

Another Hadeeth that mentions Killing the Offspring

In the Two Saheehs, it is recorded that ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’oud radhiAllahu ‘anhu said, “I asked, ‘O Allah’s Messenger! What is the greatest sin?’ (in one narration the biggest sin) He said,

أَنْ تَجْعَلَ للهِ نِدًّا وَهُوَ خَلَقَك

‘To make a rival for Allah while He Alone created you.’ I said, ‘Then?’ He said,

أَنْ تَقْتُلَ وَلَدَكَ خَشْيَةَ أَنْ يَطْعَمَ مَعَك

‘To kill your offspring for fear that he might share your food with you.’ I said, ‘Then?’ He said,

أَنْ تُزَانِيَ حَلِيلَةَ جَارِك

‘To commit adultery with your neighbor’s wife.’ He then recited,

وَالَّذِينَ لاَ يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَـهَا ءَاخَرَ

‘And those who invoke not any other god along with Allah.’ until,

إِلاَّ مَن تَابَ

‘Except those who repent.'”

Another Hadeeth from Abdullah bin Amr

Imam Ahmad recorded that ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr radhiAllahu ‘anhu said that the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,

أَكْبَرُ الْكَبَائِرِ: الِإشْرَاكُ بِاللهِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْنِ أَوْ قَتْلُ النَّفْسِ شعبة الشاك وَالْيَمِينُ الْغَمُوس

“The greatest sins are: To join others in worship with Allah, to be undutiful to one’s parents – or to take a life,” Shu`bah was uncertain of which one – (and the false oath). Recorded by Al-Bukhari, At-Tirmidhi, and An-Nasai.

Another Hadeeth by ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr about Causing One’s Parents to be Cursed

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,

إِنَّ مِنْ أَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ أَنْ يَلْعَنَ الرَّجُلُ وَالِدَيْه

“Among the worst of the major sins is for a man to curse his own parents.” They said, “How can one curse his own parents?” He said, “One curses another man’s father, and that man curses his father in retaliation, or he curses someone’s mother and that man curses his mother.” This is the wording of Muslim. At-Tirmidhi said, “Saheeh.”

It is recorded in the Saheeh that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,

سِبَابُ الْمُسْلِمِ فُسُوقٌ، وَقِتَالُهُ كُفْر

“Cursing a Muslim is a sin and fighting him is Kufr.”

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