An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Arrogance Hinders the Fulfillment of Rights

[Explanation in the Light of Surah an-Nisa Ayah 36]

The last sentence of ayah 36:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ مُخْتَالاً فَخُوراً 

Surely, Allah does not like those who are arrogant, proud 

is really a unifying complement of what has been said immediately earlier. In other words, anyone falling short of fulfilling the rights of the eight kinds of people serially mentioned earlier, must be none else but the arrogant and the proud – those who love lording over others to exact esteem from them. May Allah keep all Muslims safe from it.

There are many ahadith carrying sterns warnings against arrogance and pre-Islamic vainglory:

Ibn Masud radhiAllahu anhu has narrated that the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said:

“A person who has in his heart faith worth the weight of a mustard seed will not go to the hell; and a person who has in his heart arrogance worth the weight of a mustard seed will not go to Paradise.” [Mishkat, p. 433, vide Muslim]

Quoted here is another hadith which also carries a definition of arrogance: Ibn Masud radhiAllahu anhu has narrated that the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said:

“Whoever has in his heart arrogance worth the weight of a particle will not go to Paradise.” Then, someone asked: ‘How about people who like that their clothes be good, and the shoes too… (Is this arrogance?)’ He said: ‘Allah is beautiful; He likes beauty. Arrogance is wanton disregard of the (other person’s) right and the holding of people in contempt’. [Mishkat, p. 433, vide Muslim]

[Taken from Maaruf-ul-Qur’an by Mufti Muhammad Shafi Usmani]

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