An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 40

Allah Wrongs Not Even the Weight of a Speck of Dust

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala states that He will not treat any of His servants with injustice on the Day of Resurrection, be it the weight of a mustard seed or a speck of dust. Rather, Allah shall reward them for this action and multiply it, if it were a good deed. For instance, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah Anbiya,

وَنَضَعُ الْمَوَزِينَ الْقِسْطَ

“And We shall set up balances of justice…”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Qur’an that Prophet Luqman aalyhi sallam said to his sons,

يبُنَىَّ إِنَّهَآ إِن تَكُ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ فَتَكُنْ فِى صَخْرَةٍ أَوْ فِى السَّمَـوَتِ أَوْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ يَأْتِ بِهَا اللَّهُ

“O my son! If it be (anything) equal to the weight of a mustard seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth.” [Surah Luqman : 16]

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah az-Zalzalah Ayah 6 – 7,

يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتاً لِّيُرَوْاْ أَعْمَـلَهُمْ – فَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْراً يَرَهُ – وَمَن يَعْـمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرّاً يَرَهُ

“That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. So whosoever does good equal to the weight of a speck of dust shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of a speck of dust shall see it.”

The  two Saheehs recorded the long hadith about the intercession that Abu Saeed Al-Khudri narrated in which the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said, “….Allah then says, “Go back, and take out of the Fire everyone in whose heart you find the weight of a mustard seed of faith” In another narration, Allah says, “Whosoever had the least, least, least speck of faith, take him out of the Fire,” and they will take out many people.” Abu Sa`id then said, “Read, if you will,

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ

“Indeed, Allah does not do injustice, [even] as much as an atom’s weight.”

Will Punishment be Diminished for the Disbelievers

Saeed bin Jubayr commented about Allah’s statement,

وَإِن تَكُ حَسَنَةً يُضَـعِفْهَا

“…but if there is any good (done), He doubles it…”

As for the disbeliever, his punishment will be lessened for him on the Day of Resurrection, but he will never depart the Fire.” He used as evidence the authentic hadith in which Al – Abbas said, “O Messenger of Allah! Your uncle Abu Talib used to protect and support you, did you benefit him at all” The Messenger sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said, “Yes. He is in a shallow area in Hell-fire, and were it not for me, he would have been in the deepest depths of the Fire.” However, this hadith only applies to Abu Talib, not the rest of the disbelievers. To support this, we mention what Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded in his Musnad.

Anas radhiAllahu anhu said that the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said,

“Allah does not wrong the faithful even concerning one good action, for he will be rewarded for it by provision in this life and awarded for it in the Hereafter. As for the disbeliever, he will be provided provision in this life for his good action, and on the Day of Resurrection, he will not have any good deed.”

What Does ‘Great Reward’ Mean

Abu Hurayrah, Ikrimah, Saeed bin Jubayr, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak said that Allah’s statement,

وَيُؤْتِ مِن لَّدُنْهُ أَجْراً عَظِيماً

“and gives from Him a great reward.”

refers to Paradise. We ask Allah for His pleasure and Paradise.

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abu `Uthman An-Nahdi said, “No other person accompanied Abu Hurayrah more than I. One year, he went to Hajj before me, and I found the people of Al-Basrah saying that he narrated that he heard the Messenger of Allah saying, “Allah rewards the good deed with a million deeds.” So I said, `Woe to you! No person accompanied Abu Hurayrah more than I, and I never heard him narrate this hadith!’ When I wanted to meet him, I found that he had left for Hajj so I followed him to Hajj to ask him about this Hadith.” Ibn Abi Hatim also recorded this hadith using another chain of narration leading to Abu `Uthman.

In this narration, Abu `Uthman said, “I said, `O Abu Hurayrah! I heard my brethren in Al-Basrah claim that you narrated that you heard the Messenger of Allah saying, “Allah rewards the good deed with a million deeds.” Abu Hurayrah said, `By Allah! I heard the Messenger of Allah saying, “Allah rewards the good deed with two million deeds.” He then recited this Ayah,

فَمَا مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فِى الاٌّخِرَةِ إِلاَّ قَلِيلٌ

“But little is the enjoyment of the life of this world as compared to the Hereafter.” [Surah at-Tawbah : 38]

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