An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 49

Refuting Jews’ False Claims 

According to al-Hasan, Qatadah and Ibn Zayd this ayah was revealed when the Jews and Christians called themselves to be Allah’s children and His loved ones [refer Surah al-Maida : 18] Since the Jews claimed sanctity for themselves, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala censures them in this ayah as a strange lot attributing sanctity to themselves and then ha ving the audacity to tell others that this is so.

He begins this ayah by saying,

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يُزَكُّونَ أَنفُسَهُمْ 

“Do you not see those who claim purity for themselves?” 

We read in Surah al-Baqarah ayah 111 that the Jews and Christians used to say, “None will enter Paradise except one who is a Jew or a Christian.” Responding to this statement Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala further says in ayah 49,
This means that the decision in this matter is with Allah alone, because He has perfect knowledge of the true reality and secrets of all things.
Ending this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,
وَلاَ يُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلاً

“…. and they will not be wronged (even as much as) a hair on a date seed.”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is al-Hakam, the Judge. He does no injustice with anyone’s compensation in any part of his reward, even if it was as small as a hair on date seed.
Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Ikrimah, Ata, al-Hasan, Qatadah and others among the Salaf said that the word fatil used in the ayah means, “the scalish thread in the long slit of the date-stone.”
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