An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 57

The Wealth of the Righteous, Paradise and its Joy

Describing the destination of the happy ones in the gardens of Eden, beneath which rivers flow in all of its areas, spaces and corners, wherever they desire and wish. They will reside in it for eternity, and they will not be transferred or removed from it, nor would they want to move from it, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said,

وَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ سَنُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ خَـلِدِينَ فِيهَآ أَبَداً

“But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall admit them to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), abiding therein forever.”

He then said,

لَّهُمْ فِيهَآ أَزْوَجٌ مُّطَهَّرَةٌ

“Therein they shall have Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates)”

free from any kind of filth, bad manners and shortcomings. Ibn Abbas said that the Ayah means, “They are purified of filth and foul things.” Similar was said by `Ata’, Al-Hasan, Ad-Dahhak, An-Nakha`i, Abu Salih, Atiyah, and As-Suddi.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then ends this ayah by saying,

وَنُدْخِلُهُمْ ظِـلاًّ ظَلِيلاً

“And We shall admit them to shades, wide and ever deepening (Paradise).”

meaning, wide, extensive, pure and elegant shade.

Ibn Jarir recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said,

“There is a tree in Paradise, that if a rider travels under its shade for a hundred years, he will not cross it. It is the Tree of Everlasting Life.”

Explaining

ظِـلاًّ ظَلِيلاً

Rabi ibn Anas said, “That is the shade of the Throne (al-arsh) which will never decline.”

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