Hypocrisy of Some Believers
In the previous ayaat we learned that the hypocrite did not bypass the decision of the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam for their lack of their trust in their station and mission. Rather, they claimed that a decision made by Rasoolullah sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam would be strictly legal, true and just devoid of any options of mutual patch-up and tolerance (of ‘other’ factors not necessarily just).
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, in this ayah, makes it very clear that these people are liars in their oaths and interpretations and that everything they have done, they have done because of their disbelief and hypocrisy. Their pattern of behavior is that, when called to come to the Book of Allah and to His Messenger, they would turn away, all averse – which is no hallmark of a true Muslim. But they, as the ayah says, would become all alert once they get into trouble as a result of their own evil deeds.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,
فَكَيْفَ إِذَآ أَصَـبَتْهُمْ مُّصِيبَةٌ بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ
“How then, when a catastrophe befalls them because of what their hands have sent forth..”
meaning, how about it if they feel compelled to join you because of disasters that they suffer due to their sins, then they will be in need of you.
ثُمَّ جَآءُوكَ يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ إِنْ أَرَدْنَآ إِلاَّ إِحْسَاناً وَتَوْفِيقاً
“They come to you swearing by Allah, ‘We meant no more than goodwill and conciliation!’”
apologizing and swearing that they only sought goodwill and reconciliation when they referred to other than the Prophet for judgment, not that they believe in such alternative judgment, as they claim.
For example, when the exposure of their breach of trust or hypocrisy brings shame on them, or when it leads to the killing of their man – then, they come to the Messenger swearing by Allah that they meant nothing but good. That they took their case to somebody else was not because they did not believe in the Prophet, or that they doubted the veracity of his judgment, but that their aim was to promote good and bring about harmony between the disputing parties.