An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

The Necessity of Obeying the Messenger


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 64

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala begins ayah 64 by stating a universal Divine principle,

وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إلاَّ لِيُطَاعَ

“We sent no Messenger, but to be obeyed”  It means that any Messenger who was sent by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala was sent so that everyone obeys the rules set by him in accordance with the will and command of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. In that case, the inevitable consequence will be that anyone who opposes the rules set by the Messenger will be dealt with in the manner disbelievers are dealt with. Therefore, whatever Umar radhiAllahu ‘anhu did turned out to be correct.

Allah’s statement,

بِإِذُنِ اللَّهِ

“by Allah’s leave” means, “None shall obey, except by My leave,” according to Mujahid. This Ayah indicates that the prophets are only obeyed by whomever Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala directs to obedience.

Following this appears an advice in the best interest of the hypocrites indicating that they would have done better if, rather than indulging in false oaths and interpretations, they would have confessed their error and presented themselves before him seeking forgiveness from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, and the Messenger too prayed for their forgiveness, then, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala would have certainly accepted their repentance.

وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُواْ أَنفُسَهُمْ جَآءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُواْ اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُواْ اللَّهَ تَوَّاباً رَّحِيماً

“And if, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you, [O Muhammad], and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Accepting of repentance and Merciful.”

At this place, for the repentance to be acceptable, two things have been made binding: That they present themselves before the Prophet salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam and that he then prays for their forgiveness. Perhaps, the first reason is that they violated the great station of Prophethood bestowed by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala on His Messenger salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam and caused him undue pain by disregarding the decision given by him. So, in order that their repentance over their crime becomes acceptable, the condition that they present themselves before the Prophet salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam and that he prays for their forgiveness was imposed on them.

Although, ayah 64 was revealed in the background of a particular incident relating to the hypocrites, yet its words yield a general ruling which stipulates that anyone who presents himself before the Prophet salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam and the Prophet prays for his forgiveness he will definitely be forgiven.

4 thoughts on “The Necessity of Obeying the Messenger

  1. Assalamu alaikum You said that if you repeat a sin knowing that it is a sin and you are thinking Allah will forgive then this is a thought from shaytan. And you continue in sinning the repentance is not valid. I have done and thought just that does that mean that if I repent I wont be forgiven

  2. I had a thought about carrying on sinning and repenting later and I thought to myself that I didn’t think this thought but I do sins and carry on sinning that means your intention is to carry on sinning and not repent it was a thought that I never had thought before but started thinking then I did exactly that I carried on sinning and didn’t repent then I thought again your intention is to carry on sinning and not repent and I carried on sinning and didn’t repent then I started thinking you look for chances to do the sins and when you get the chance you do it and I carried on sinning I thoughts to myself you did exactly that you looked for chances of doing sins and you did them and I carried on. Every time I started thinking these thoughts and carried on sinning deliberately. And then I started saying to myself it was your plan to sin and not repent because you deliberately carried on sinning and didn’t repent and I carried on sinning and thought this again and carried on sinning deliberately. I want to know what I should do I told myself dont sin but carried on and I said to myself don’t sin deliberately and look for chances to sin but carried on. I dont repent at all I know it is not good how can I nurture the habit of repenting even people have told me to but I haven’t. Can you please provide an answer for me. I would much appreciate it.

    1. Walikum salaam wa rahmatullah,

      When Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala created Adam `aalyhi salaam, He warned him and his wife not to “even go near” a certain tree. For Allah knew they will be tempted to disobey and will commit a sin. However, they slipped. They then sincerely repented and were forgiven.

      These lessons from the Qur’an are for our own learning. Humans are bound to err. Therefore, as a protection Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala provided us a guideline of what is a good deed and what’s bad. He warned us to stay away from bad company or sources of fitnah and try our best to “seek” righteous company. You should delve over the question, “What is it that provokes me to commit sin?” You will have to control your thoughts. Move yourself away from the situation. We know that this is hard but if you sincerely seek assistance from Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala, in sha Allah, He will guide you. Increase your astaghfar and good deeds so that He opens up path of goodness for you.

      Please read a comprehensive reply on this here. We pray to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala that He accepts your repentance, takes you out of this situation and blesses you with steadfastness on the Right Path, aameen.

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