An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayaat 69 – 70

Whoever Obeys Allah and His Messenger will Be Honored By Allah

In the ayaat appearing immediately earlier, the promise of a great reward was made to special addressees. What appears in the present ayaat is a universal promise that those who obey Allah and His Messenger shall be rewarded as a standing rule.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,

وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَآءِ وَالصَّـلِحِينَ

“And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger, then they will be with those on whom Allah has bestowed His favor – the Prophets, the truthful, the martyrs, and the righteous…..”

Consequently, whosoever implements what Allah and His Messenger have commanded him and avoids what Allah and His Messenger have prohibited, then Allah will grant him a dwelling in the Residence of Honor. There, Allah will place him in the company of the Prophets, and those who are lesser in grade, the true believers, then the martyrs and then the righteous, who are righteous inwardly and outwardly. Allah then praised this company,

وَحَسُنَ أُولَـئِكَ رَفِيقاً

“And excellent are those as companions.”

Al-Bukhari recorded that Aisha radhiAllahu anha said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah saying, ‘Every Prophet who falls ill is given the choice between this life and the Hereafter.’ During the illness that preceded his death, his voice became weak and I heard him saying,

مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَآءِ وَالصَّـلِحِينَ

“…with those on whom Allah has bestowed His favor – the Prophets, the truthful, the martyrs, and the righteous…” I knew then that he was being given the choice.” Muslim recorded this Hadith. This Hadith explains the meaning of another Hadith; the Prophet said before his death, “O Allah! In the Most High Company” three times, and he then died, may Allah’s best blessings be upon him.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then says in ayah 70,

ذلِكَ الْفَضْلُ مِنَ اللَّهِ

“That is the Bounty of Allah”

meaning, from Allah by His mercy, for it is He who made them suitable for this, not their good deeds.

وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ عَلِيماً

“and Allah is sufficient as All-Knower”

He knows those who deserve guidance and success.

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