An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 75

Encouraging Jihad to Defend the Oppressed

Left behind in Makkah were Muslims who were unable to migrate because of physical weakness and insufficiency of resources. Later on, the disbelievers themselves stopped them from going and started hurting and harassing them in all sorts of ways so that they turn away from their faith in Islam. The names of some of these are preserved in exegetic works, for example, Ibn Abbas radhiAllahu anhu and his mother, Sulyma ibn Hisham, Waleed ibn Waleed and Abu Jandal ibn Sahl, radhiAllahu anhum [Qurtubi].

These people kept facing tyranny and torture because of their unflinching faith showing no signs that they would ever surrender their firm stand on Islam. However, they did continue praying to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala for release from this hard life which was finally accepted by Him when He commanded Muslims to wage Jihad against the disbelievers and rescue the oppressed from their coercion and persecution.

In this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is encouraging His believing servants to perform Jihad in His cause and to strive hard to save the oppressed Muslims who were restless because of tyranny and torture that they face.

وَمَا لَكُمْ لاَ تُقَـتِلُونَ فِى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَآءِ وَالْوِلْدَنِ الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ أَخْرِجْنَا مِنْ هَـذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ الظَّـلِمِ أَهْلُهَا وَاجْعَلْ لَّنَا مِن لَّدُنْكَ وَلِيّاً وَاجْعَلْ لَّنَا مِن لَّدُنْكَ نَصِيراً

“And what is (the matter) with you that you do not fight in the way of Allah, and (for) the one who are weak among the men and the women and the children who say, ‘Our Lord take us out of this town whose people are oppressors and appoint for us from Yourself a protector and a helper.”

According to this ayah, Muslims had requested Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala the favor of two things – that they be rescued from that town (meaning Makkah) and that they be blessed with some supporter and helper. The fact is that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala granted both these prayers when He provided some of them with the opportunity to move out from there which was the fulfillment of their first wish. However, some of them remained staying right there until the Conquest of Makkah.

At that time, the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam appointed Attab ibn Asid as their caretaker and who had the oppressed Muslims delivered from their oppressors. Thus, granted was their second wish as well. It will be noted that the Qur’an, rather than give a straightforward command to fight in this ayah, has elected to use the words

وَمَا لَكُمْ لاَ تُقَـتِلُونَ فِى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ

“And what is (the matter) with you that you do not fight in the way of Allah…”

Here the hint given is that fighting and Jihad is a natural duty under such conditions, not doing which is certainly far from a reasonable man.

Praying to Allah is the Panacea for all Hardships:
The words of prayer in ayah 75 tell us that one of the reasons why the command to fight came was the prayer made by these weak Muslim men and women. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala responded to their prayer and commanded Muslims to wage Jihad against their oppressors which put an end to their hardships immediately.

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One thought on “Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 75

  1. A sincere Nasiyah ( Advice ) to Muslim Ummah :

    Assalamu Alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarkatihu !

    All Thanks and prays to be Allah and peace be upon to our Prophet and Master Muhammad Sal Allahu Alayhi Salatu Wassalam .

    Ya Ummatil Islam ,Oh Muslim World , Uyghur Muslim in East Turkistan which is under Chinese occupation is your brothers and sisters in islam. It is your obligatory to help them.

    Allah Subha nahu Wata Allah said in Surah An-Nisa : ” And what is wrong with you that you fight not in the Cause of Allâh, and for those weak, ill¬treated and oppressed among men, women, and children, whose cry is: “Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect, and raise for us from You one who will help.” (75) Suah-An-Nisa.

    Prophet Sal Allahu Alayhi Salatu Wassalam said in his Hadith : ” The Muslim Ummah is like one body. If the eye is in pain then the whole body is in pain and if the head is in pain then the whole body is in pain”

    So we the Muslim Ummah, whatever colour, nationality or gender, wherever we are, are like one body. If we hear that any part of this Ummah is being oppressed, then we should feel this pain.

    We are Uyghur Muslim suffered under Chinese regime since 1949 until now. During the past 60 years we yearned your help and we went to so many so -called Islamic countries to seek their help for sake of Allah.

    But those Taghut Muslim leaders only work for their interest neither sake of Allah or Muslim Ummah . those Taghut leaders collobrating atheist Chinese instead of helping Uyghur Muslim brothers and sisters in East Turkistan arresting them, torture them in the so-called Islamic countries and hand over to them China for Chinese Pleasure.

    The Prophet Sal Allahu Alayhi Salatu Wassalam warned about oppression against others. Especially against Muslims.

    Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar: Allah’s Apostle said, “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection . ” Sahih Bukahri: Volume 3, Book 43, Number 622.

    Therefore the Uyghur Muslims forced move unislamic countries to save their own life and their Deen. Shame on you so-called Muslim countries and so-called Muslim scholars.

    look at this Japanese how are they supporting Uyghur Muslim in East Turkistan. Actually its your duty , your task , your work.

    if you keep silent and busy with your own interest may Allah punish you. be fear of Allah. Oh Muslim Ummah please help Uyghur Muslim in East Turkistan. at least write books, articles, open websites, produce films,do speech in Friday prayes ( Khutbah), giving lectures in Universities, organizing session in your countries , demonstrate in front of Chinese Embassy in your countries, mention Uyghur Muslim issue in your debate….ect.

    A sincere Nasiyah to Muslim Ummah : if you doing business and friendship with terrorist Chinese its a kind conspiracy to against your Muslim brothers and sisters in East Turkistan.

    Oh Muslim don’t forget that we are all responsible in front of Allah in our own deeds in the Day of judgement.

    Please read this beautiful article : http://www.islamicawakening.com/viewarticle.php?articleID=331

    Wassalamu Alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarkatihu

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