An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Sura an-Nisa Ayah 82

Qur’an is True

Through ayah 82, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala invites people to ponder on the Qur’an.

أَفَلاَ يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْءَانَ

“Then do they not ponder on the Qur’an?”

Allah commands them to contemplate about the Qur’an and forbids them from ignoring it, or ignoring its wise meanings and eloquent words. This is why Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said in Surah Muhammad ayah 24,

أَفَلاَ يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْءَانَ أَمْ عَلَى قُلُوبٍ أَقْفَالُهَآ

“Do they not then think deeply in the Qur’an, or are their hearts locked up (from understanding it).”

Continuing ayah 82 Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala states that there are no inconsistencies, contradictions, conflicting statements or discrepancies in the Qur’an, because it is a revelation from the Most-Wise, Worthy of all praise. Therefore, the Qur’an is the truth coming from the Truth, Allah.

وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِندِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ

“Had it been from other than Allah,”

meaning, had it been fraudulent and made up, as the ignorant idolators and hypocrites assert in their hearts,

لَوَجَدُواْ فِيهِ اخْتِلَـفاً

“they would surely, have found therein contradictions”,

discrepancies and inconsistencies,

كَثِيراً

 “in abundance.”

However, this Qur’an is free of shortcomings, and therefore, it is from Allah. Similarly, Allah describes in Surah ale-Imran ayah 7 those who are firmly grounded in knowledge,

ءَامَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا

“We believe in it, all of it is from our Lord.”

meaning, the Muhkam sections (entirely clear) and the Mutashabih sections (not entirely clear) of the Qur’an are all true. So they understand the not entirely clear from the clear, and thus gain guidance. As for those in whose heart is the disease of hypocrisy, they understand the Muhkam from the Mutashabih; thus only gaining misguidance. Allah praised those who have knowledge and criticized the wicked.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Amr bin Shuayb said that his father said that his grandfather said, “I and my brother were present in a gathering, which is more precious to me than red camels. My brother and I came and found that some of the leaders of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah were sitting close to a door of his. We did not like the idea of being separate from them, so we sat near the room. They then mentioned an Ayah and began disputing until they raised their voices. The Messenger of Allah was so angry that when he went out his face was red. He threw sand on them and said to them, “Behold, O people! This is how the nations before you were destroyed, because of their disputing with their Prophets and their contradicting parts of the Books with other parts. The Qur’an does not contradict itself. Rather, it testifies to the truth of itself. Therefore, whatever of it you have knowledge in, then implement it, and whatever you do not know of it, then refer it to those who have knowledge in it.”

Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Amr said, “I went to the Messenger of Allah one day. When we were sitting, two men disputed about an Ayah, and their voices became loud. The Prophet said, “Verily, the nations before you were destroyed because of their disagreements over the Book.”  Muslim and An-Nasa’i recorded this hadeeth.

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