Books · ibn 'Abdul Wahab · Qur'an

The Excellence of the Followers of the Qur’an

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Members of the Advisory Council of Umar ibn al-Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu, the second Caliph of Islam, were always the Ulema whether old or of young age. Abu Huraira radhiAllahu ‘anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Anyone who is most versed in Allah’s Book should act as an Imam for the people; but if they are equally versed in reciting it, then the one who has most knowledge regarding the Sunnah; if they are equal regarding the Sunnah, then the earliest of them to emigrate; if they emigrated at the same time then the oldest of them.”

In another version it is reported: No man must lead another in prayer where the latter has authority, or sit in his place of honor in his house, without his permission. [Saheeh Muslim]

Jabir radhiAllahu ‘anhu said : Allah’s Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had each pair of those killed at the Battle of Uhud wrapped in a single garment and asked which of them knew more of the Qur’an. When one of them was pointed out to him, he had him put first in the side of the grave. [Saheeh Bukhari]

Abu Musa Ash’ari radhiAllahu ‘anhu reported Allah’s Messenger as saying: The respect of a Muslim who is of an old age and a follower of the Qur’an leads to the pleasure of Allah provided the follower of the Qur’an is not a transgressor and unfaithful to the Qur’an.

The Obligation to Acquire Knowledge and Reflect Upon the Qur’an and a Warning to the Heedless

The Qur’an says:

“And We have placed over their hearts coverings, lest they understand it not, and in their ears deafness.” [al-Isra 17: 46]

In another ayah Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says:

“Indeed! the worst of living creatures in the sight of Allah are the deaf, the dumb who do not use reason.” [an-Anfal 8: 22]

Again the Qur’an says:

“And whoever turns away from My remembrance – indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will gather him on the Day of Resurrection blind.” [Ta-Ha 21 : 124]

Abu Musa Ash’ari radhiAllahu ‘anhu reported Allah’s Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam as saying, “The similitude of that guidance and knowledge with which Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, has sent me is that of rain falling upon the earth. There is a good piece of land which receives the rainfall (eagerly) and as a result of it there is grown in it herbage and grass abundantly. Then there is a land hard and barren which retains water and the people derive benefit from it and they drink it and make the animals drink. Then there is another land which is barren. Neither water is retained in it, nor is the grass grown in it. And that is the similitude of the first one who develops the understanding of the religion of Allah and it becomes a source of benefit to him with which Allah sent me. (The second one is that) who acquires the knowledge of religion and imparts it to others. (Then the other type is) one does not pay attention to (the revealed knowledge) and thus does not accept guidance of Allah with which I have been sent.” [Bukhari, Muslim]

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar radhiAllahu ‘anhu reported Allah’s Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam as saying, “Be merciful to others and Allah will be merciful to you. Forgive when others wrong you and Allah will forgive you your sins. There is destruction for a man in whose words and deeds exists contradiction and also for those who persist upon their deeds willfully.” [Ahmad]

Suspicion of Hypocrisy Regarding the Heedless

The Qur’an says:

“And among them [O Muhammad], are those who listen to you, until when they depart from you, they say to those who were given knowledge, ‘What has he said just not?’ Those are the ones of whom Allah has sealed over their hearts and who have followed their [own] desires.” [Muhammad 47: 16]

In another ayah Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says:

“And We have certainly created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind. They have hearts with which they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. It is they who are the heedless.” [al-A’raf 7: 179]

Asma radhiAllahu ‘anha reported Allah’s Messenger salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam as saying, “You will be put to trials in your graves and these trials will be like the trials of ad-Dajjal. You will be asked, ‘What do you know about this man (the Prophet Muhammad)?’ Then the faithful believer will reply, ‘He is Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, Allah’s Apostle who had come to us with clear evidences and guidance and so we accepted his teachings and followed him.’ Then the angels will say to him, ‘Sleep in peace as we have come to know that you were a faithful believer.’ On the other hand, a hypocrite of suspicious nature will reply, ‘I do not know, but I heard the people saying something and so I said it (the same).'” [Bukhari, Muslim]

[Book: Excellent Qualities of the Qur’an by ibn ‘Abdul Wahab]

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