An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 104

The Encouragement to Pursue the Enemy Despite Injuries

In this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is commanding the believers not to weaken their resolve in pursuit of the enemy. Rather pursue them vigorously, fight them and be wary of them.

Stating this command He says,

وَلاَ تَهِنُواْ فِى ابْتِغَآءِ الْقَوْمِ إِن تَكُونُواْ تَأْلَمُونَ فَإِنَّهُمْ يَأْلَمُونَ كَمَا تَأْلَمونَ

“And do not be weak in pursuing the people (enemy). If you are suffering, then indeed they are also suffering like you are suffering…”

The enemy mentioned here are the people who oppose Islamic mission and do their utmost to prevent the establishment of the Islamic system of life. Here is a message not to lose courage or hope. Don’t show any weakness or laziness in pursuit of the enemy, rather show energy.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is encouraging the believers to endure suffering calmly because nothing can be achieved without pain. It’s part of the package. One cannot achieve anything without suffering. This is something normal and not a big deal. Therefore, the believers should not give up.

He says,

وَتَرْجُونَ مِنَ اللَّهِ مَا لاَ يَرْجُونَ

“… while you have hope from Allah that which they hope not.”

While both the parties are suffering injuries and death, the believers hope for Allah’s reward such as martyrdom, victory and aid. Surely, Allah’s promises are true. This is a huge assurance from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala that while disbelievers have nothing, the believers have hope from Allah. The believers put their trust on Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. They know that if they make effort He is, in sha Allah, going to come for their help or make matters easier for them.  The efforts here do not only mean physical fighting, but being regular in Salah and mindful of other obligations of Allah’s commands.

It is not appreciative that the believers should not bravely endure hardships for the sake of Truth as the disbelievers bear for falsehood, though the latter have no other object than this world and its transitory benefits. Whereas the believers have the highest object of pleasing the Lord of the heavens and the earth and expect to get everlasting rewards from Him.

If the believers expect reward from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, then it should be them and not the disbelievers, who should be eager to fight in His way and establish His deen above everything.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then ends this ayah by saying,

وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيماً حَكِيماً

“And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.”

He is most knowledgeable and wise in all what He decides, decrees, wills and acts on concerning various worldly and religious ordainments, and He is worthy of praise in all conditions.


– Have courage and patience under all circumstances.

– Endure hardships and sufferings calmly while having hope in Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.

– Higher the struggle, higher the reward will be (in sha Allah).


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