An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 109

Who will Lend Support to Argue with Allah in the Hereafter?

Ayah 109 gives a strict warning to the supporters of Banu Ubayriq telling them that their support given to betrayers of trust in the mortal world does not end at that. There will be the Day of Doom when their case will come before Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Who will lend support to them at that time?

The ayah serves two purposes. It admonishes and reminds of the hazards of the Hereafter persuading them thereby to repent and turn to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.

هَـأَنْتُمْ هَـؤُلاءِ جَـدَلْتُمْ عَنْهُمْ فِى الْحَيَوةِ الدُّنْيَا فَمَن يُجَـدِلُ اللَّهَ عَنْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَـمَةِ أَمْ مَّن يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلاً

“Here you are – those who argue on their behalf in the life of this world – but who will argue with Allah for them on the Day of Resurrection or who will be their defender?”

‘Here you are’ is addressed to Tu’mah and his people. They are arguing on the behalf of the deceitful; they are protecting him because he is their relative. So, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is saying here that okay you are protecting him or taking his side because in dunya he is one of you, but who is going to protect you in the Hereafter where even a mother cannot speak on behalf of her baby.

In dunya, you may be successful to defend the khayneen but who is going to argue with Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala on the Day of Resurrection.

The word waqeel used at the end of the ayah means the one on whom one has tawwaqal that okay he is going to look after our matters. Here it is being used in the context of a guardian, supporter, protector, etc. So on the Day of Resurrection, who is going to be the defender for the khayneen? The deceitful can escape the punishment Here, but what about the Hereafter? Those who support the tyrant or oppressor in dunya must think about the Hereafter. They can’t escape the punishment there. No one can deprive someone of their true right and assume he won’t be punished.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is challenging the advocates of the deceitful, how will they present someone else’s case before Him on the Day of Resurrection. Are they ready to face Allah for what they used to say or do?


We learn from this ayah that:

– today, we may support someone because we love them, they mean a lot to us but tomorrow no one will be able to help. So if we are someone’s sincere friend or well-wisher, we must correct them in dunya instead of standing by them and supporting them in their deceit. Some parents defend their children’s distance from deen by saying, “I know my child doesn’t pray, but when I ask him to pray he gets upset. He stops talking to me. I love my son. I don’t want him to get upset with me.” Have you thought about, who is going to support them in the Hereafter? If you love your children, your spouse, your sibling, your neighbor, your friend or whoever don’t support them when they are deviating from the right path. If you really care about them then call them to Allah, lovingly. You don’t have to be harsh or remind them of Hellfire all the time. Tell good things about deen. Plant the seed of Allah’s love in their hearts and make sincere du’a for them. In sha Allah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will help you in your cause. Never support the one who is deviant and deceitful. Support should only be for the right cause and not treachery. In dunya you can protect them but who is going to protect them in the Hereafter?

– on that Day, no one can escape Allah ta’ala’s punishment. No one can stand before Him and challenge. We should worry for our future rather than criticism of a few people in dunya. The embarrassment of this world is nothing as compared to the humiliation of the Hereafter. Dunya will end one day, but the Hereafter is forever. You will forever live with those scars.

– we may see the oppressor having a strong support group. This doesn’t mean He has the support of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala as well. The real judgment is on the Judgment Day. People can live in their illusions in this dunya, but on that Day justice will be brought. It’s better we correct ourselves and repent now than waiting for Hereafter till Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala treats us according to our actions.


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