An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 126

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is in Authority

In ayah 126, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala reminds us that all the treasures of this world and the Hereafter belong to Him.

وَللَّهِ مَا فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَمَا فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ مُّحِيطاً

“And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is Ever Encompassing all things.”

The purpose behind reminding us of this important fact is that we should remember everything and everyone are His property, servants and creation, and He has full authority over all of this. He does need anyone’s friendship or worship. A person who submits to the will of Allah does not benefit anyone but himself. Similarly, a person who commits sins does not harm anyone but himself.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is neither harmed not benefited by what people do. It is for their own benefit that they acknowledge Allah’s Supremacy and submit to Him. There is no one who can avert Allah’s decision or question His judgment. Therefore we cannot and should not show our anger against His decisions. He is never asked about what He does due to His might, ability, fairness, wisdom, compassion and mercy.

His knowledge encompasses everything and nothing concerning His servants is ever hidden from Him. Nothing, even the weight of an atom, ever escapes His observation in the heavens and earth, nor anything smaller or bigger than that.

So who is a wise person? The one submits to Allah like Ibraheem aalyhi sallam. The one who obeys Allah. the one who stays away from sinful things and bad deeds.

So what should we do? We should submit ourselves. How should we submit ourselves? Entirely. Everything in the heavens and earth is submitting to Allah; the sun, the moon, the stars. So shouldn’t humans be submitting to Him as well? After all humans have been called ashraf ul maklooqat. If a human refuses to obey Allah what is he doing? He is fooling himself. When a person gives self-created logics to defy Allah, he is showing he does not use the aqal he has been blessed with. Being logical means submitting to the One Who created you.

We learn in Surah Fussilat ayah 11 that when Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala created the heavens and the earth He said,  “Come [into being], willingly or by compulsion.” They said, “We have come willingly.”

And what about us, the insaan? We will perform the five daily prayers, we will fast in Ramadan but what’s the state of our heart? Often times, we don’t worship Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala willingly. We come to Him unwillingly whereas the sky, the sun, and everything on earth submits to its Creator willingly. A wise person is the one who submits to Allah and does so willingly. Whether a person submits or not, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala remains in authority.

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