An-Nisa · Juz 5 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 136

The Order to Have Faith After Believing

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala commands His faithful servants to adhere to all the elements of faith, its branches, pillars and cornerstones. This is not stated as mere redundancy, but from the view of completing faith and the continual maintenance of it.

يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ءَامِنُواْ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَـبِ

“O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger, and the Book…”

In the ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is addressing the believers yet asking them to believe. Why did He do so? To assert firmness. Being believers is not enough; one should be steadfast in all aspects of deen. This is similar to asking for guidance to the straight path 5 times a day in every rakah that we offer when we say, اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ proclaiming this statement makes us aware of the straight path and increases us in guidance and strengthens us on it.

Emaan fluctuates; sometimes we pray with full khushu sometimes we feel we can’t focus. Therefore, this ayah stresses on sincere or firm commitment towards deen.

What is meant by belief in Allah? It means having emaan on all the pillars of Islam. If one doesn’t belief in any one of the pillars he will be out of the folds of Islam.

Similarly, what is meant by belief in Rasoolullah? It means believing that the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam was haq, he was true and what he brought was truth. This also includes believing in his miracles and following him obediently.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala further says,

وَالْكِتَـبِ الَّذِى نَزَّلَ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَـبِ الَّذِى أَنَزلَ مِن قَبْلُ

“and the Book which He has sent down to His Messenger and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him)….”

Believing in the Book means that having emaan this is from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Every word of the Book is haq. Believing in other Books means whether we have a copy of that Book or not we accept and believe that it is from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Allah then said,

وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَـئِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الاٌّخِرِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَـلاً بَعِيداً

“and whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away.”

Meaning, he will have deviated from the correct guidance and strayed far away from its path.

LESSONS from Surah an-Nisa Ayah 136

– It is not enough to say that one is a believer. One needs to constantly strive to strengthen their emaan. People who are conscious about fashion, do they go and shop only once a year? No. They regularly go to the mall to see what’s new, what’s on sale, what’s in fashion now. People who love shopping go to the mall every week or every two weeks.

When you like something you try to improve it. So having emaan is not just claiming from the tongue that you are a Muslim but constantly trying to improve it.

– Belief and disbelief are not same. One person is on sirat-e-mustaqeem, the right path while the other one is on dalla dalalan baeeda meaning far away from the right path.

– Emaan in everything is what completes the belief. For example, one person cannot say I believe in Allah but I don’t believe in the angels. This is not acceptable.

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