An-Nisa · Juz 6 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah An-Nisa Ayah 165

The Reason Behind Sending the Prophets is to Establish the Proof
رُّسُلاً مُّبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ

“Messengers as bearers of good news and warning…..”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala sent Messengers to the mankind so that they could tell us what Allah likes and what He dislikes. The Messengers bring good news to those who obey Allah and practice the good things that please Him. They also warn against His punishment and torment for those who defy His commandments.

Another reason why Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala sent Messengers and Prophets was that people don’t come up with any excuses on the Day of Judgment. He said,

لِئَلاَّ يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى اللَّهِ حُجَّةٌ بَعْدَ الرُّسُلِ

“… in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the (coming of) Messengers.”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has sent Messengers and Prophets to every nation. Today, there’s no place on earth where people are not informed about what Islam is. This was Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala’s wisdom, so that on the Day of Judgment when we stand before Him giving an account for our deeds none of us can say nobody warned or guided us. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala ends this ayah stating,

وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَزِيزاً حَكِيماً

“And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise.”

It is recorded in the two saheehs that Ibn Masood radhiAllahu anhu said that the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said,

لَا أَحَدَ أَغْيَرُ مِنَ اللهِ، مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ حَرَّمَ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ، وَلَا أَحَدْ أَحَبْ إِلَيْهِ الْمَدْحُ مِنَ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ، مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ مَدَحَ نَفْسَهُ، وَلَا أَحَدَ أَحَبْ إِلَيْهِ الْعُذْرُ مِنَ اللهِ، مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ بَعَثَ النَّبِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنْذِرِين

“No one is more jealous than Allah. This is why He prohibited all types of sin committed in public or secret. No one likes praise more than Allah, and this is why He has praised Himself. No one likes to give excuse more than Allah, and this is why He sent the Prophets as bearers of good news and as warners.”

In another narration, the Prophet said,

مِنْ أَجْلِ ذلِكَ أَرْسَلَ رُسُلَهُ وَأَنْزَلَ كُتُبَه

“And this is why He sent His Messengers and revealed His Books.”

LESSONS:

– We learn that there are two responsibilities of the Prophets: to give good news and warnings. There has to be a balance. Sometimes we warn people so much that we make them assume there’s no forgiveness or hope for them left. Sometimes reward works and sometimes punishment. This is the approach that we should apply as well.

– The reason behind sending Messengers as conveyers of good news and warning, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala tells us what He likes and what He disapproves of. When a person is given good news, he learns what Allah likes. Similarly, when he is given a warning he learns what Allah dislikes.

– Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala sent Messengers so that on the Day of Judgment nobody comes with an excuse, “I was in a desert I didn’t know.” He sent Messengers everywhere.Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said in Surah Taha ayah 134,

وَلَوْ أَنَّآ أَهْلَكْنَـهُمْ بِعَذَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِهِ لَقَالُواْ رَبَّنَا لَوْلا أَرْسَلْتَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولاً فَنَتَّبِعَ ءَايَـتِكَ مِن قَبْلِ أَن نَّذِلَّ وَنَخْزَى

“And if We had destroyed them with a torment before this, they would surely have said: Our Lord! If only You had sent us a Messenger, we should certainly have followed Your Ayat, before we were humiliated and disgraced.”

– We learn about Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala’s mercy and rahmah towards the people. He sent Messengers because He cares about the people.

– Once a person learns something he can’t make an excuse that hold me accountable. Once you know you are to be held accountable. Some people say we don’t want to learn because we don’t want to be held accountable. This behavior is not acceptable because the Messengers were sent so that we could learn from them.

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