An-Nisa · Juz 6 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah An-Nisa Ayah 166 and 167

Allah’s Testimony is Enough

The Jews claimed there is no Prophet or Messenger after Musa aalyhi salaam. They denied every Messenger who came after him. By revealing this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is refuting their claim.

لَّـكِنِ اللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ بِمَآ أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكَ

“But Allah bears witness to that which He has sent down unto you….”

This means even if they deny, defy and disbelieve in you, O Muhammad, Allah testifies that you are His Messenger to whom He sent down His Book, the Glorious Qur’an. When Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala testifies for someone this shows that person’s truthfulness.

There was no person on earth who became as successful as the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam. He transformed a shirk-stricken country into believers of one God.

أَنزَلَهُ بِعِلْمِهِ وَالْمَلَـئِكَةُ يَشْهَدُونَ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ شَهِيداً

“He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Witness.”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala knew that the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam is the most suitable for this task. The Jews used to reject him because he was from Bani Ismaeel – the unlettered people. This ayah also means that the Qur’an is based on Allah’s knowledge. He has revealed only that part which He wants us to know. The knowledge of His that He willed His servants to have access to. Knowledge about the clear signs of guidance and truth, what Allah likes and is pleased with, what He dislikes and is displeased with, and knowledge of the Unseen, such as the past and the future. This also includes knowledge about His honorable attributes that no sent Messenger or illustrious angel can even know without Allah’s leave. The angels testify to the fact that this Qur’an was sent by Allah.

LESSONS:

Even if the people reject the Prophet, don’t worry, because Allah’s testimony is enough. There can be many objections that people raise against the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam, but doesn’t matter.

Allah is most knowledgeable. He has the right to guide. He knows the characteristics and weaknesses of human beings therefore He knows what’s best for them; He knows what needs to be taught.

Ayah 167

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ قَدْ ضَلُّواْ ضَلَـلاَ بَعِيداً

“Verily, those who disbelieve and prevent (others) from the path of Allah; they have certainly strayed far away.”

Who are these people? This refers to the scholars of Bani Israel. They didn’t accept the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam as well as held back true knowledge from the people. When the masses will approach them to verify the truthfulness of the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam, they would give some ambiguous statement and leave people in confusion. They concealed the description of the Prophet and eventually they strayed away from the point of guidance to the point of no return.

They don’t accept the truth and neither let others accept it.

LESSONS:

– If we don’t believe in something, we are in a position to misguide others. When we don’t get up for Salah as soon as the  adhan goes on, our children, friends or siblings won’t get up either. If we don’t recite Qur’an ourselves, can we ask our children to recite Qur’an? If we don’t give sadaqah ourselves, can we ask our neighbors to give sadaqah? People say, “I am only responsible for my actions, I am not influencing others.” We may be unaware of the fact how we are influencing others.

– A person who refuses guidance and misguides others as well goes far away from the straight path to the point that no hope is left for him.

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