An-Nisa · Juz 6 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah an-Nisa Ayah 174

The Description of the Revelation that Came from Allah

After a refutation of beliefs held by Christians, especially those which ascribe Godhood to Jesus, along with the promise of reward for those who acknowledge the truth and punishment for those who insist on denying, the text turns to a universal address praising the blessed status and mission of His Messenger who taught what was the truth revealed to him, who conveyed the truth of the Qur’an admirably, and also those who believed in and testified to the truth of the Book and the Messenger.

يَـأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَآءَكُمْ بُرْهَانٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَأَنزَلْنَآ إِلَيْكُمْ نُوراً مُّبِيناً

“Oh people! There has come to you a conclusive proof from your Lord and we have sent down to you a clear light.”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala informs all people [believers, disbelievers, hypocrites as well as the People of the Book] that a plain, unequivocal proof has come to them from Him. One that eradicates all possibility of having an excuse, or falling prey to evil doubts.

The word burhan is from the root letter ba-ra-ha, it means to give conclusive proof or clear evidence. Burhan removes doubts from the people and resolves an argument. This Burhan refers to everything that the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam was given.

Qur’an puts an end to any confusion that we have in our life. It is clear light. The word mubeen means that which is clear in itself and also clarifies other things. Qur’an enlightens a person and clarifies the truth. It tells us what is right and what is wrong.

We read that in pre-Islamic days, women and orphans were deprived of their rights. There was no law of inheritance. Then Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala sent down Qur’an and gave clear instructions for life.

LESSONS:

– Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala sent down the Qur’an in order to resolve the disputes in our life. when guidance is not there people harm themselves and others. Today, when we tell people to follow Shariah they believe they are going to face more problems. But when people begin to see the benefits, they accept the truth.

– It enlightens all aspects of a person’s life and if people accept the Qur’an with an open heart all disputes and confusions will disappear.

– Most of the time, it’s the religious people who hold arguments. Why? It is because they are not only on to Qur’an, but different branches or different aspects. We should hold on to Qur’an and Sunnah firmly.

– Qur’an is not just for the Muslims, but it is for entire mankind. It is our responsibility to spread the message among the non-Muslims.

In Surah Al-A’raf ayah 157 we read,

“Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful.”

When we don’t know what’s right and wrong, how can we be successful? The Qur’an that the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam brought and his own way of life are guidance for us. We must follow this light in order to be successful here and in the Hereafter.

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