Reminding the Believers of the Bounty of the Message and Islam
In this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala reminds His believing servants of His bounty by legislating this glorious religion and sending them this honorable Messenger sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam. He also reminds them of the covenant and pledges that He took from them to follow the Messenger, support and aid him, implement his Law and convey it on his behalf, while accepting it themselves.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said,
وَاذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمِيثَـقَهُ الَّذِى وَاثَقَكُم بِهِ إِذْ قُلْتُمْ سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا
“And remember Allah’s favor upon you and His covenant with which He bound you when you said, ‘We hear and we obey.’”
This is the pledge that they used to give to the Messenger of Allah when they embraced Islam. They used to say, “We gave our pledge of obedience to the Messenger of Allah to hear and obey, in times when we are active and otherwise, even if we were passed on for rights, and not to dispute leadership with its rightful people.”
This is similar to what Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said in Surah al-Hadeed ayah 8,
وَمَا لَكُمْ لاَ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ لِتُؤْمِنُواْ بِرَبِّكُمْ وَقَدْ أَخَذَ مِيثَـقَكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ مُّؤْمِنِينَ
“And what is the matter with you that you believe not in Allah! While the Messenger invites you to believe in your Lord; and He has indeed taken your covenant, if you are real believers.”
It was also said that this Ayah (5:7) reminds the Jews of the pledges and promises Allah took from them to follow Muhammad sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam and adhere to his Law, as Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas radhiAllahu anhu stated.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala ends this ayah by saying,
وَاتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ
“And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Knower of the secrets of (your) chests.”
We should fear Allah in all times and situations. He knows the secrets and thoughts that the hearts conceal.
– In order to be grateful a person must remember the favors of Allah. If one is finding it difficult to pray then they should recall His favors. We should ask ourselves, “Why is it difficult for me to offer Salah, when He has blessed me so many times. He has answered my call whenever I called upon Him so why is it hard for me to respond to His call when He calls me to pray?”
– We learn about the obligation of remembering the blessings of Allah. If a person does not remember the blessings of Allah this leads him to negligence, heedlessness and arrogance. He treats the blessings insignificantly.
– We learn about the warning against the one who doesn’t have taqwa, one who doesn’t remember the blessings. Allah knows what’s in our hearts.
– Being Muslim is not a title we roam around proudly with. Being a Muslim means fulfilling our promise of accepting and obeying whatever Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala commands us to do.
– Taqwa is in the hearts.