Al-Maidah · Juz 6 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 9 and 10

Great Reward for Believers and the Disbelievers will be the Dwellers of the Hell-fire

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Allah has promised those who believe and do deeds of righteousness that for them there is forgiveness and a great reward.”

This ayah tells us the relationship between emaan and amal sualeh. Emaan is not sufficient if a person doesn’t do righteous deeds. Similarly if a person does righteous deeds but lacks emaan, his deeds will not be accepted. Therefore, a person must take care of his emaan as well as perform Salah, pay Zakah, speak well, honor his parents and relatives, be kind to the needy and the orphans. For such people, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has “promised” a great reward.  

It is part of Allah’s mercy for His servants that He forgives sins by rewarding Paradise. They will not earn Paradise on account of their good actions, but rather on account of His mercy and favor, even though they will qualify to earn this mercy on account of their good actions. Allah has made these actions the cause and path that lead to His mercy, favor, pardon and acceptance. Therefore, all this is from Allah Alone and all thanks are due to Him.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said next in ayah 10,

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَكَذَّبُواْ بِـَايَـتِنَآ أُوْلَـئِكَ أَصْحَـبُ الْجَحِيمِ

“And they who disbelieve and deny our Ayat are those who will be the dwellers of the Hell-fire.”

A person who denies that this world is not created by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, he is actually denying Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. These are the people who disbelieve and deny the truth by their actions.

For such people Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has prepared the Hell-fire. This only demonstrates Allah’s perfect justice, wisdom and judgment, He is never wrong, for He is the Most Wise, Most Just and Most Able.

We learn that a person must fully accept the truthfulness of Allah’s ayaat. If a person believes that Qur’an is from Him, but doesn’t act according to it then this is again denial.

Emaan is not sufficient; one must show by their actions that they believe. Similarly, righteous deeds void of emaan are rejected.


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