Al-Maidah · Juz 6 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 25

Musa Aalyhi Salaam Supplicates to Allah

On hearing the reply of his people Prophet Musa aalyhi salaam said,

قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّى لا أَمْلِكُ إِلاَّ نَفْسِى وَأَخِى فَافْرُقْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ الْقَوْمِ الْفَـسِقِينَ

“O my Lord! I have power only over myself and my brother, so separate us from the rebellious people!”

When the Children of Israel refused to fight, Musa became very angry with them and supplicated to Allah against them. He said I only have power or authority over myself and my brother, I can’t make my people understand. They don’t listen to me. The person who is a position of authority is not enjoying his status; authority becomes great responsibility. He goes through so much difficulty yet his people are denying him. It was extremely hurtful for Prophet Musa aalyhi salaam therefore he prayed to separate him from his people. He didn’t wish to be with them anymore. This shows how hurt he must have been.


– After this incident Musa aalyhi salaam completely gave up on Bani Israel. There were so many incidents one after another when Bani Israel denied a command, and they were forgiven for their disobedience and stubbornness. But this was the limit, therefore their Prophet prayed to be separated from them.

– A person only has control over himself. He can only tell other people but he can’t force anyone. Therefore, instead of waiting for others to come and guide or lead us, we should do what we are supposed to do. The responsibility of improving ourselves is on us. A Prophet is only a bearer of glad tidings or a warner, he can neither force nor will he be answerable for another’s disobedience.

– When there is no benefit in the company of a person despite our numerous tries, then we can pray for separation between ourselves and that person. But first one must try their best. Musa aalyhi salaam didn’t say in the very instant separate me from these people. Rather it was after several major events that he was forced to make such du’a. If someone is not listening to us or showing no change in themselves and is persistent in living a sinful life then we must separate ourselves from such people. If there’s a benefit in staying with that person then stick along.

– Abandoning jihad, refusing to obey the command of Messenger of Allah, being argumentative all come under fisq.


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