Al-Maidah · Juz 6 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 52

Rely Only on Allah

When the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam decided to annul the treaty between the Jews and the Christians because of their breach, Abdullah ibn Ubaiyy who was a hypocrite stopped the Prophet from doing so. He said that he feared tomorrow the Jews and the Christians would be successful and if he ditched them today, he would not be able to seek their help.

In this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says

فَتَرَى الَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ يُسَـرِعُونَ فِيهِمْ يَقُولُونَ نَخْشَى أَن تُصِيبَنَا دَآئِرَةٌ

“And you see those in whose hearts there is a disease, they hurry to their friendship, saying: ‘We fear lest some misfortune of a disaster may befall us.’”

This disease is of hypocrisy. We claim to be Muslims but we can’t truly submit to the commands of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. He prohibits us from taking the Jews and Christians as our close allies because tomorrow is there is a war against Muslims who are we going to support?

When people hear religious bindings of abandonment of close friendships with the Jews and the Christians, those who have the disease of hypocrisy in their hearts start racing towards their disbelieving friends. They believe that if they cut relations with these financially and politically strong people, they will be at loss. They depend on their disbelieving friends for temporary worldly gains instead of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.

Today, when we see Muslims as being oppressed instead of helping one another we run to the disbelievers for help. We see Muslims as weak, we become doubtful if they will ever prosper. On the other hand, we take the disbelieving people as financially and politically strong; befriending them shows us benefits.

By being friends with them sometimes we compromise our religious teachings. For example, social drinking, celebrating Halloween, Christmas, Easter. Muslims who do this they say that they must do it in order to please their Jewish or Christian employer. They are valuing the disbelievers more than the commands of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.

Removing the doubt that they will be at loss if they didn’t have strong ties with the Jews and the Christians, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says

فَعَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَأْتِىَ بِالْفَتْحِ أَوْ أَمْرٍ مِّنْ عِندِهِ فَيُصْبِحُواْ عَلَى مَآ أَسَرُّواْ فِى أَنفُسِهِمْ نَـدِمِينَ

“Perhaps Allah may bring a victory or a decision according to His will. Then they will become regretful for what they have been keeping as a secret in themselves.”

The hypocrites are under the impression that the disbelievers will overcome Muslims. But, if they rely on Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala perhaps they will be victorious.

We saw in the conquest of Makkah that the hypocrites found it hard to break ties with the strong Jewish tribes because they feared loss. But when the believers had firm faith in Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, He willed victory for them.

Therefore, whoever abandons something for the sake of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala can never be at loss whether in dunya or the Hereafter. A believer should rely only on Him and not depend on his relations with other people. If Allah is pleased with you, He will bless you with prosperity but if you displease Him you will be of those who are regretful.

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