Correct Emaan and Righteous Deeds will Lead Us to Jannah
In this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala tells us that it is not necessary to belong to a certain group to be successful in the Hereafter. What is required is to have a correct emaan and do righteous deeds.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ ءامَنُواْ وَالَّذِينَ هَادُواْ وَالصَّـبِئُونَ وَالنَّصَـرَى مَنْ ءَامَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الاٌّخِرِ وعَمِلَ صَـلِحاً فَلاَ خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ
Surely, those who believe, and those who are the Jews and the Sabians and the Christians, whosoever believed in Allah and the Last Day, and worked righteousness, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
The meaning here is that if each of these groups believed in Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and the Hereafter, which is the Day of Judgment and Reckoning, and performed good actions, which to be so, must conform to Muhammad’s Law, after Muhammad sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam was sent to all mankind and the Jinns. If any of these groups held these beliefs, then they shall have no fear of what will come or sadness regarding what they lost, nor will grief ever affect them.
When a person has correct emaan and does righteous deeds, then no matter which era he belongs to he’ll be successful in the akhirah. This means the Jews of the time of Musa aalyhi salaam, and the Christians of the time of Eesa aalyhi salaam who took him as a Messenger of Allah, and nothing more. The people who honored what their Prophets brought with them and followed their teachings.
Sabians are the people of Yahya aalyhi salaam. It is a sect from the Christians and Magians who did not follow any particular religion, as Mujahid stated.
When a person believes in Allah, this means he will believe in everything that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala informs us. This includes the angels, the Messengers, and other unseen things. The Day of Judgment has been mentioned because believing in the Hereafter will make one conscious of his actions.
– Salvation is not obtained by belonging to a certain group or through wishful thinking. Sometimes we believe because we are Muslims we will enter Jannah. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, the right emaan and doing righteous deeds is going to lead us to Jannah.
– The way of getting out of fear and grief is emaan and righteous deeds. When a person has this yaqeen that nothing can harm me unless Allah wills then He will not be afraid of anything.