This ayah rejects the doctrine of trinity.
لَّقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُواْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ ثَـلِثُ ثَلَـثَةٍ وَمَا مِنْ إِلَـهٍ إِلاَّ إِلَـهٌ وَحِدٌ وَإِن لَّمْ يَنتَهُواْ عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ لَيَمَسَّنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ
Surely, they have disbelieved who say, “Allah is the third of three.” And there is no god but One God (Allah). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall on the disbelievers among them.
People who say Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is one of three gods are committing kufr [disbelieve]. According to one belief, the other two gods are Eesa ‘alayhi salaam and his mother Lady Mariam. And according to another belief, the other two gods are Eesa ‘alayhi salaam and the Holy Spirit i.e. angel Jibreel ‘alayhi salaam.
It is a lie that they utter. If they die upon this then nothing can save them from the painful torment in the Hereafter.
– People who have polytheistic belief are committing kufr. They are disbelievers. In Surah al-Anbiya Ayah 22, we learn that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “Had there been within the heavens and earth gods besides Allah, they both would have been ruined. So exalted is Allah, Lord of the Throne, above what they describe.”
If a house is run by two women and when there’s time to cook food there will be fasad. One will think the other has added salt, and the other one will think the first one has. There will be imbalance. Two people cannot lead a team. If that happens, the subordinates would be confused as to whose instructions they should follow.
The system of the earth, in itself asserts that there is only One God. Surah al-Muminoon Ayah 91 says, “Allah has not taken any son, nor has there ever been with Him any deity. (If there had been), then each deity would have taken what it created, and some of them would have sought to overcome others. Exalted is Allah above what they describe (concerning Him).”
If there were more than one god each god would have taken a share from earth. Earth would have been divided.
– Allah is the only God.
In ayah 74, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is questioning what is stopping people from seeking repentance. Why won’t they come to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala to seek repentance?
أَفَلاَ يَتُوبُونَ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَهُ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Will they not repent to Allah and ask His forgiveness, for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful?
The Christian belief that we were created sinful, God sent His son to take our sins upon himself, and if we don’t believe in him we are going to be held accountable is being refuted over here. The way out of sin is not that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala will send His son to die for us, if this was the case He would have asked us to kill our sons.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is so forgiving that we turn to Him, and He will forgive us. The process of repentance is not complicated. It is simple. Turn to Him, and He will forgive.
How does a person seek forgiveness? One way is through words. Reciting those athkar that we have been taught by Rasoolullah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. The other way is through actions.
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is most worthy of being turned to in repentance because He is Ghafoor and Raheem.
– We learn about the encouragement to repent to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. In Surah Anfal Ayah 38, we learn, “Say to those who have disbelieved (that) if they cease, what has previously occurred will be forgiven for them.”
– In this ayah, people who don’t repent are reproached: Why won’t they repent? What’s stopping them from seeking forgiveness?
– We learn about the vastness of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala that despite having partners associated to Him, He is willing to forgive people.
– The door to repentance is open to everyone no matter what crime he has committed. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is merciful. If a person repents to Him, He will accept it.