Al-Maidah · Juz 6 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 76

The Prohibition of Shirk and Exaggeration in Religion

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala admonishes those who take up rivals with Him and worship the idols, monuments and false deities. He states that such false deities do not deserve any degree of Divinity.

قُلْ أَتَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لاَ يَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرّاً وَلاَ نَفْعاً وَاللَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

 Say, “Do you worship besides Allah something which has no power either to harm or to benefit you? But it is Allah Who is the All-Hearer, All-Knower.”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala commands the Prophet salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam to say to those from among the Children of Adam, such as the Christians, who worship other than Allah, they are worshipping something that neither protects nor benefits them. If they could provide any benefit they would have benefitted themselves first.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala, on the other hand, is the All-Hearer, All-Knower. He hears what His servants say and has knowledge of all things. You pray to Him, He hears you. He knows what situation you are in. Therefore, He asks how can people worship inanimate objects that do not hear, see or know anything – having no power to bring harm or benefit to themselves let alone others – instead of worshipping Allah?

LESSONS:

– We learn about the error of those who are worshipping someone other than Allah. They are worshipping those that can bring them no good or harm. In Surah al-Ahqaf ayaat 5 – 6 Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “And who is more astray than he who invokes besides Allah those who will not respond to him until the Day of Resurrection, and they, of their invocation, are unaware. And when the people are gathered [that Day], they [who were invoked] will be enemies to them, and they will be deniers of their worship.”

– The loss and benefit come from Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala alone and no one else.

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