Al-Maidah · Juz 6 · Qur'an Tafseer

Ahadeeth on Enjoining Righteousness and Forbidding Evil

Through ahadeeth we learn about the virtue of enjoining righteousness and forbidding evil.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Hudhayfah bin al-Yaman said that the Prophet salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said,

وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، لَتَأْمُرُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ، وَلَتَنْهَوُنَّ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ، أَوْ لَيُوشِكَنَّ اللهُ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ عَلَيْكُمْ عِقَابًا مِنْ عِنْدِهِ، ثُمَّ لَتَدْعُنَّهُ فَلَا يَسْتَجِيبَ لَكُم

“By He in Whose Hand is my soul! You will enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, or Allah will send a punishment on you from Him. Then, you will supplicate to Him, but He will not accept your supplication.”

Muslim recorded that Abu Saeed al-Khudri radhiAllahu anhu said that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said,

مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ، وَذلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الْإِيمَان

“He among you who witnesses an evil, let him change it with his hand, if he cannot do that, then by his tongue, if he cannot do even that, then with his heart, and this is the weakest faith.” 

Abu Dawud recorded that the Prophet salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said,

إِذَا عُمِلَتِ الْخَطِيئَةُ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَانَ مَنْ شَهِدَهَا فَكَرِهَهَا، وَقَالَ مَرَّةً فَأَنْكَرَهَا كَانَ كَمَنْ غَابَ عَنْهَا، وَمَنْ غَابَ عَنْهَا فَرَضِيَهَا كَانَ كَمَنْ شَهِدَهَا

“When sin is committed on the earth, then whoever witnesses it and hates – (once he said): forbids it, will be like those who did not witness it. Whoever was absent from it, but agreed with it, will be like those who witness it.”

Abu Dawud recorded that one of the Companions said that the Prophet salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said,

لَنْ يَهْلِكَ النَّاسُ حَتَّى يَعْذِرُوا أَوْ يُعْذِرُوا مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِم

“The people will not perish until they do not leave -or- have any excuse for themselves.”

Ibn Majah recorded that Abu Saeed al-Khudri radhiAllahu anhu said that the Messenger of Allah salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam gave a speech once and said,

أَلَا لَا يَمْنَعَنَّ رَجُلًا هَيْبَةُ النَّاسِ أَنْ يَقُولَ الْحَقَّ إِذَا عَلِمَه

“Behold! Fear from people should not prevent one from saying the truth if he knows it.” Abu Saeed then cried and said, “By Allah! We have seen some errors, but we feared (the people).”

Another hadeeth recorded by Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi and ibn Majah states that Abu Saeed narrated states that the Messenger of Allah said,

أَفْضَلُ الْجِهَادِ كَلِمَةُ حَقَ عِنْدَ سُلْطَانٍ جَائِر

“The best Jihad is a word of truth proclaimed before an unjust ruler.” 

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