Al-Maidah · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 92

Obey Allah and the Messenger, sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam

In ayaat 90 and 91 we learned about the unlawfulness of drinking and gambling, to make the word of law easy to act upon, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala placed ayah 93 right after that obey Allah and His Messenger, sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam. He says,

وَأَطِيعُواْ اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ الرَّسُولَ وَاحْذَرُواْ فَإِن تَوَلَّيْتُمْ فَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّمَا عَلَى رَسُولِنَا الْبَلَـغُ الْمُبِينُ

“And obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and beware. Then if you turn away, you should know that it is Our Messenger’s duty to convey in the clearest way.”

When struck by a doubt whether a thing is haram or not, what do we do? We pick up the Qur’an and check the ayaat. But when Qur’an is silent about a matter, we look at the life of our Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam. If we never saw him practicing something then it’s unlawful for us too whether the word haram has been explicitly used or not.

The commands of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and His Messenger are in one’s own interest. If one does not follow the commands of Allah, it does not harm Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala or His Messenger. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is far above any gain or loss while the Messenger sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam was only assigned the task to convey the message. It was not upon him to convert people or force them to agree with him.

If someone does not follow the commands of Allah, then it will bring no loss to anyone except the person himself.

Let’s look at some of the Prophet’s Statements that Declare Khamr to be Haram.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Umar radhiAllahu anhu said that the Messenger of Allah, sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said,

لُعِنَتِ الْخَمْرُ عَلى عَشْرَةِ أَوْجُهٍ: لُعِنَتِ الْخَمْرُ بِعَيْنِهَا، وَشَارِبُهَا، وَسَاقِيهَا، وَبَائِعُهَا، وَمُبْتَاعُهَا، وَعَاصِرُهَا، وَمُعْتَصِرُهَا، وَحَامِلُها، وَالْمَحْمُولَةُ إِلَيْهِ، وَآكِلُ ثَمَنِهَا

“Ten matters related to Khamr were cursed. Khamr itself was cursed, whoever drinks it, its server, seller, buyer, brewer, who asks for it to be brewed, whoever carries it, whomever it is carried to and whoever consumes its price.”

Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah recorded this hadeeth.

Muslim recorded that Ibn Umar radhiAllahu anhu said that the Messenger of Allah, sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam said,

كُلُّ مُسْكِرٍ خَمْرٌ، وَكُلُّ مُسْكِرٍ حَرَامٌ، وَمَنْ شَرِبَ الْخَمْرَ فَمَاتَ وَهُوَ يُدْمِنُهَا وَلَمْ يَتُبْ مِنْهَا، لَمْ يَشْرَبْهَا فِي الْآخِرَة

“Every intoxicant is Khamr, and every intoxicant is unlawful. Whoever drinks Khamr and dies while addicted to it, without repenting from drinking it, will not drink it in the Hereafter.”

LESSONS:

– The obligation of Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam was to explain and convey the teachings of Qur’an.

– We must refer to the life of Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam for every matter. Some people leave out certain matters that “Oh that’s only a Sunnah.” For example, the matter of beard. People say it’s only a Sunnah. The Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam clearly stated, “Grow your beards.” Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says, “Obey the Messenger.” Now, this becomes wajib. We cannot say it’s only a Sunnah. If the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam gives a command, we are to follow it.

[SOURCE: Compiled from Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Maroof-ul-Qur’an by Mufti Muhammad Shafi Usmani, and tafseer lecture of Taimiyyah Zuberi]

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