Al-Maidah · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Ma’idah Ayah 118

In Ayah 117, we learned that on the Day of Judgment Prophet Eesa [Jesus] aalyhi salaam would reject shirk [associating partners with Allah] and affirm Tawheed [oneness of Allah]. Continuing his dialogue with Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala he says,

إِن تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ وَإِن تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

“If You punish them, they are Your servants, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the Almighty, the All-Wise.”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala being the Creator of everything is free to punish or forgive His servants. No one can stop Him or object to His decisions. He is All-Powerful and the One Who makes decision.

All matters refer back to Allah, for He does what He Wills and none can question Him about what He does, while He will question them. This Ayah also shows the crime of the Christians who invented a lie against Allah and His Messenger, thus making a rival, wife and son for Allah. Allah is glorified in that He is far above what they attribute to Him.


– In this ayah, we learn about the obligation to leave every matter to Allah. After making an effort on our part, we should leave the matter to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. It is up to Allah to accept our du’a or reject it.

– We learn about the submission of prophets to the commands of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. The prophets say, “O Allah it is Your decision,” whereas we say, “O Allah, why? Why are You doing this to me?” We should adopt the characteristics of the prophets [may peace and blessings be upon all of them].

– There are two types of creation; one is that which will be forgiven while the other is the one which will be punished. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala choose us among those who will be forgiven, aameen.

– We should not side with those who are on falsehood.

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