Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayah 4

Threatening the Idolators for Their Stubbornness

In ayah 4, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala talks about the rebellious and stubborn nature of the polytheists. He says,

وَمَا تَأْتِيهِم مِّنْ ءَايَةٍ مِّنْ ءَايَـتِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلاَّ كَانُواْ عَنْهَا مُعْرِضِينَ

And no Sign comes to them from the Signs of their Lord except that they turn away from it.

Whenever a sign, miracle or proof came as an evidence of Allah’s Uniqueness and the truthfulness of His Honorable Messengers, the polytheists will deny and turn away from it. They will neither contemplate on the ayaat nor care about them. Even the moon was split for them but they still did not believe in the Prophethood of Muhammad salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam.

The word Mu’arideen is the plural of the word “Mu’arid” which means “someone who turns away”.

In Surah Yunus ayaat 96 and 97, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says,

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِمْ كَلِمَةُ رَبِّكَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ – وَلَوْ جَآءَتْهُمْ كُلُّ ءايَةٍ حَتَّى يَرَوُاْ الْعَذَابَ الاٌّلِيمَ

“Truly, those, against whom the Word of your Lord has been justified, will not believe. Even if every sign should come to them, until they see the painful torment.”

Turning away means turning with the heart as well as physically turning away. For example, people are told come and listen to this [such as the recitation of the Qur’an] but they say, “No, we don’t want to listen.” The Mushrikeen of Makkah demanded many miracles yet their attitude was of disinterest and disbelieve. They’d deny the miracle and call it magic. The reason for this attitude was that they had made up their mind that they are not going to listen no matter what.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah al-Anbiya Ayah 2,

لاَهِيَةً قُلُوبُهُمْ وَأَسَرُّواْ النَّجْوَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ هَلْ هَـذَآ إِلاَّ بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ أَفَتَأْتُونَ السِّحْرَ وَأَنتُمْ تُبْصِرُونَ

“Comes not unto them an admonition from their Lord as a recent revelation but they listen to it while they play.”

The reason behind their turning away is their decision to disbelieve and their love of this world or their indulgence in the world. They are so lost in this duniya that they find the ayaat of Allah too boring. They can watch a movie for two hours but it is a burden for them to read the Book of Allah or sit in a religious gathering with humility. Why? It is because they are so engrossed in duniya that they can’t concentrate. What’s our attitude during Salah? All we are thinking about are the matters of this world. Our concerns and worries are limited to this duniya only. Even in Salah we can’t concentrate and are not conscious of Allah.

LESSONS:

– There is severe warning against being heedless to the ayaat of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Sometimes, we look at the creation of Allah, such as birds, rain clouds or clear blue sky, sunset and sunrise, and then say, “O so what, what’s the big deal” and move ahead. Similarly, when we listen to the ayaat of the Qur’an how should we be? Heedless? No. We must pay attention to the ayaat, and act upon them.

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