Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah Al-Anaam Ayah 14

There is No Walee Other Than Allah

In Ayah 14, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is talking to His servant and Messenger Muhammad salAllahu aalyhi wa sallam, whom He sent with the pure Tawheed and the straight religion. Commanding him to call the people to Allah’s straight path, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said,

قُلْ أَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَتَّخِذُ وَلِيّاً فَاطِرِ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَهُوَ يُطْعِمُ وَلاَ يُطْعَمُ 

“Say: Shall I take as a guardian any other than Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth. And it is He Who feeds but is not fed…”

Walee is someone you seek help from or under whose guardianship you are. Can we seek the protection of someone other than Allah?

What is being said here has also been mentioned at various places in the Qur’an. For example, in Surah Zumar Ayah 64, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala stated,

قُلْ أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ تَأْمُرُونِّى أَعْبُدُ

“Say: Do you order me to worship other than Allah?” meaning I will not take a guardian except Allah, without partners, for He is the Creator of the heavens and earth Who orignated them without precedent.

Similarly He said in Surah Dhuriyaat Ayah 56,

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالإِنسَ إِلاَّ لِيَعْبُدُونِ

“And I created not the Jinn and humans except that they should worship Me (Alone).”

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala then describes Who is Allah. He is the Creator of the heavens and earth. He feeds everyone and does not need to be fed. Therefore, every time you call upon Him, He would be there to listen to you. For example, sometimes we go to people for help and it’s their meal time. We have to wait until they have finished eating to speak with them. While Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is independent of any need. He is always available whenever we call upon Him. He sustains His creatures without needing them.

Abu Huraira radhiAllahu anhu narrated, “A man from Ansar from the area of Quba invited the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam to eat some food, and we went along with the Prophet. When the Prophet ate and washed his hands, he said,

الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي يُطْعِمُ وَلَا يُطْعَمُ، وَمَنَّ عَلَيْنَا فَهَدَانَا وَأَطْعَمَنَا، وَسَقَانَا مِنَ الشَّرَابِ، وَكَسَانَا مِنَ العُرْيِ، وَكُلَّ بَلَاءٍ حَسَنٍ أَبْلَانَا، الْحَمْدُ للهِ غَيْرَ مُوَدَّعٍ رَبِّي وَلَا مُكَافأً وَلَا مَكْفُورٍ، وَلَا مُسْتَغْنًى عَنْهُ، الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنَا مِنَ الطَّعَامِ، وَسَقَانَا مِنَ الشَّرَابِ، وَكَسَانَا مِنَ الْعُرْيِ، وَهَدَانَا مِنَ الضَّلَالِ، وَبَصَّرَنَا مِنَ العَمَى، وَفَضَّلَنَا عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنَ خَلَقَ تَفْضِيلًا، الْحَمْدُ للهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِين

“All praise is due to Allah, Who feeds but is never fed, He bestowed bounty unto us, Who gave us guidance and fed us, gave us something to drink, covered our nakedness; and for every favor He has given us. All praise is due to Allah, praise that should not be neglected, my Lord, all the while affirming that we will never be able to duly thank Him; nor be appreciative enough of Him, nor be free of needing Him. All thanks and praises are due to Allah Who fed us the food, gave us the drink, covered our nudity, guided us from misguidance, gave us sight from blindness, and honored us above many of His creatures. All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all that exists.”

Moving further in the ayah, it was said,

قُلْ إِنِّى أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ وَلاَ تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكَينَ

“Say: Verily, I am commanded to be the first of those who submit.’ And be not you of the idolators.”

A question may arise here, “Wasn’t Ibraheem aalyhi salaam the first Muslim” as we read in Surah al-Baqarah. What is meant here is that the first Muslim from the Muslim Ummah was Prophet Muhammad sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam.

LESSONS:

– Everything belongs to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala therefore a person should turn to Him for every need not to people. People like yourself are dependent on Allah. Whatever people have made is miniscule to what Allah has created. He is the Only One Who can help you.

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