Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayah 15 and 16

Who is Really Successful

In the previous ayaat, we learned about the command to shun shirk and believe in the Oneness of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. In Ayah 15, the punishment for the contravention of this command has been mentioned.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala commands His Messenger Muhammad sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam that

قُلْ إِنِّى أَخَافُ إِنْ عَصَيْتُ رَبِّى عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ

Say: “I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the torment of a Mighty Day.”

He is being instructed to tell the people that God forbid if he disobeys the All-Powerful Lord then he too is fearful of the great torment of the Day of Judgment.

The word asaytu [عَصَيْتُ] is from the root letters ayn-saad-ya and it means “to rebel, to disobey, to oppose, to resist or to transgress”.

It is obvious that the Messenger of Allah is (Divinely) protected from every sin – so, the likelihood of disobedience coming from him simply does not exist. But, by mentioning this hypothetical situation, the purpose is to convey the message to the community that the contravention of the Divine command is so serious a matter that even the greatest prophet cannot stand excused from it – if not him, who else?

LESSONS:

– Punishment is something that we should be fearful of. Many times we believe since we are Muslims we are safe. It’s incorrect because in the ayah the cause for punishment mentioned is “disobedience”.

– We can disobey out of forgetfulness but we should not persist in disobedience. Whenever you realize you have wronged, repent.

Ayah 16

After that it was said in Ayah 16 that

مَّن يُصْرَفْ عَنْهُ يَوْمَئِذٍ فَقَدْ رَحِمَهُ وَذَلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْمُبِينُ

“Who is averted from (such a torment) on that Day; then He (Allah) has surely been Merciful to him. And that would be the obvious success.”

The word yusr’af [يُصْرَف] is from the root letters saad-ra-fa which means “to turn away, to divert or to avert”.

It means that the punishment of the day of Resurrection (al-Mahshar) is extremely horrendous and harsh. Whoever finds this removed from him or her should know that it was great mercy from Allah.

The word fawzu [فَوْزُ] is from the root letters fa-wau-zay which means “to succeed, gain victory, achieve a goal or to obtain one’s desires”. In the ayah, it means being admitted in Jannah.

This tells us that deliverance from punishment and admittance into the Paradise are inseparable from each other.

LESSON:

– The person who is saved from the punishment of the hell fire and is admitted into Jannah is the one who is actually successful.

PDF Download: Al Anaam Ayaat 15 and 16

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