Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayah 21

The Greatest Injustice

In Ayah 21, it was said that these people who despite knowing the truth do not accept it are simply ruining themselves at their own hands.

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said,

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِباً أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِـَايَـتِهِ
And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Ayat?

There is no person more unjust than he who lies about Allah meaning this is the height of injustice. He fabricates a lie against Allah and claims that He has sent him, while Allah did not send him.

The word kadhiban [كَذِباً] is from the root letters kaf-dhal-ba and it means “to lie, say what is not a fact, fabricate a lie, falsehood”. It is the opposite of sidq meaning truth.

Inventing a lie against Allah means that saying things like Allah has a partner, a son or a daughter. These are all lies. It also means attributing false statements to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala such as calling something halal while it is haram. Many times when people want to justify their statements they say, “This is in Qur’an”. Similarly, when a person innovates a hukm [a command] or a person claims that he receives revelation from Allah. Anyone who does that is doing great injustice.

There is no person more unjust than he who denies Allah’s proofs, signs and evidences. There are people who deny that Allah created this universe or say Allah didn’t send a messenger, reveal a Surah, etc.

إِنَّهُ لاَ يُفْلِحُ الظَّـلِمُونَ

Indeed, the wrongdoers shall never be successful.

The word yuf’lihu [يُفْلِحُ] is from falah; the root letters fa-laam-ha and it means “to prosper, be successful, attain, acquire or become fortunate”.

Falah is composed of two things mutloob that which is desired and being saved from the makrooh meaning that which a person is trying to stay away from.

Surely, both of these people will never acquire success, whoever falsely claims that Allah sent him and whoever refuses Allah’s Ayat.


– Zulm is of various levels and it is of various types. One can do it against oneself, against others, against Allah’s Messengers and Prophets or against Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. Fabricating lie is zulm but fabricating a lie against Allah is the height of injustice. Similarly, doing fasad is zulm but doing it in masjid is the height of injustice. This is why we have major sins and minor sins.

– There is severe warning against those who lie against Allah and deny His ayat.

– Wrongdoers can never be successful. They may seem successful right now but it’s only temporary. All the enemies of the Prophet sallAllahu aalyhi wa sallam faced an abominable death. and we don’t know what punishments await them in the hereafter.

May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala protect us from being oppressed and doing zulm, aameen.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayah 21

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