Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayah 27 and 28

Wishes and Hopes Do Not Help One When He Sees the Torment

There are three basic principles of Islam: Tawheed [Oneness of Allah], Prophethood and Belief in the Hereafter. All other articles of faith fall under these three. These principles guide human beings regarding who they are and what is their purpose of life; whoever understands these finds guidance.

In this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala mentions the condition of the disbelievers when they are made to stand before the Fire on the Day of Resurrection.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

وَلَوْ تَرَى إِذْ وُقِفُواْ عَلَى النَّارِ فَقَالُواْ يلَيْتَنَا نُرَدُّ وَلاَ نُكَذِّبَ بِـَايَـتِ رَبِّنَا وَنَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

If you could see when they will be held over the (Hell) Fire! They will say, “Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the Ayat of our Lord, and we would be of the believers!”

The word wuqifu [وُقِفُواْ] is from the root letters wau-qaf-fa [waqf] and it means “to stand, to come to stand or pause”. Such as waqouf-e-Arafah, the standing on the Arafat.

The wrongdoers and the deniers of the truth will be detained and forced by the angels to stand by the edges of the Hell, and to observe the horrifying punishment far beyond their imagination.

Witnessing the chains and restraints of the Day of Resurrection, along with seeing the horrible, momentous conditions in the Fire they will wish to be sent back to the worldly life in order to perform righteous deeds, refrain from disbelieving in the Signs of their Lord and be among the believers.

In Surah Bani Israeel Ayah 102 Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala narrates a conversation between Prophet Musa `aalyhi salaam and Fir`awn,

لَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ مَآ أَنزَلَ هَـؤُلاءِ إِلاَّ رَبُّ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ بَصَآئِرَ

“Verily, you know that these signs have clearly been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as eye-opening evidence.”

The Signs of Allah are eye-opening evidence yet people deny them. Upon seeing the punishment in the Hereafter, people will wish for another chance.

Ayah 28

In ayah 28, denying their statement Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

بَلْ بَدَا لَهُمْ مَّا كَانُواْ يُخْفُونَ مِن قَبْلُ وَلَوْ رُدُّواْ لَعَـدُواْ لِمَا نُهُواْ عَنْهُ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَـذِبُونَ

Nay, what they had been concealing before has become manifest to them. But if they were returned (to the world), they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars.

The word bal is used to negate something, meaning that if they were sent back to dunya we won’t expect any good from them. The disbelievers will still deny the Signs of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

The word bada [بَدَا] is from the root letters ba-dal-wau, and it means “being apparent, open, manifest or evident”. Whatever they had been hiding before will become evident on that Day. In the context of the mushrikeen, this refers to the confirmation of Messengers. The mushrikeen and the People of the Book knew that he Muhammad sallAllahu `aalyhi wa sallam was a Messenger but their arrogance and pride prevented them from accepting it.

Secondly, it can also mean the kufr [disbelief] that they hide in their hearts while apparently showing emaan [faith]. In dunya, we hide many things such as our intention. Upon seeing us do good, people assume we are doing this for the sake of Allah but what if we are doing this for gaining fame? People hide their crimes and sins but on the Day of Judgment it will all become evident. If a person doesn’t stop it becomes a habit. He would commit the same sin or crime over and over again. Therefore, even if he was given a second chance it won’t make any difference.

LESSONS:

– This ayah shows us the regret that the people will have on the Day of Judgment. The person who will be shown Jannah, he would wish he had done more. He would realize he could have done better. Therefore the Day of Judgment is also known as the Day of Nadama and the Day of Hasra. People will say, “I wish I had not done this,” or “I wish I had done more”.

– It also tells us we should never be satisfied with our deeds. When Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has given us the opportunity to do good, we should try to excel in our conduct. Stay away from sins and transgression as best as we can and run towards khair [goodness].

May Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala allow us to better utilize our time and skills, aameen.

– In the Hereafter, we will confess our mistakes. In the dunya, it is difficult for us to accept our mistakes but in the Hereafter we won’t be able to hide anything. The disbelief, denial and rebellion hidden in our hearts will then be uncovered, even though we will try to hide this fact in this life and the Hereafter.

– Anything that a person hides in his heart will be exposed on that Day. His intention, his feelings, all his secrets will be exposed.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says in Surah Haqqah Ayah 18,

يَوْمَئِذٍ تُعْرَضُونَ لاَ تَخْفَى مِنكُمْ خَافِيَةٌ

“That Day shall you be brought to Judgment, not a secret of you will be hidden.”

– The reality of the people who don’t fear Allah, they will lie in the dunya as well as in the Hereafter. It will become their habit.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayah 27 and 28

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