Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayaat 31 and 32

The Regrets in the Hereafter

On the Day of Resurrection, the disbelievers and sinners will do everything to save their skins. Being nervous and confused, they will seek refuge in false statements or request Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala to send them back to the world so that they can undo their mistakes.

Describing their condition on that Day, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

قَدْ خَسِرَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ بِلِقَآءِ اللَّهِ حَتَّى إِذَا جَآءَتْهُمُ السَّاعَةُ بَغْتَةً قَالُواْ يحَسْرَتَنَا عَلَى مَا فَرَّطْنَا فِيهَا وَهُمْ يَحْمِلُونَ أَوْزَارَهُمْ عَلَى ظُهُورِهِمْ أَلاَ سَآءَ مَا يَزِرُونَ

They indeed are losers who denied their meeting with Allah, until all of a sudden, the Hour (signs of death) is upon them, and they say, “Alas for us that we gave no thought to it,” while they will bear their burdens on their backs; and evil indeed are the burdens that they will bear!

The word khasira [خَسِرَ] is from the root letters kha-seen-ra and it means, “to suffer loss”. Here, it indicates great loss. The word biliqai [بِلِقَآءِ] is from the root letters laam-qaf-ya, and it means “to meet or encounter”.

These people continue to live in denial until their meeting with Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. When they are taken over by sa’atu [سَّاعَةُ]. The word l-sa’atu is from the root letters seen-wau-ayn and it means, “hour or time”.

We know that there are two sa’atu – a minor one that is death and a major one that is the Day of Resurrection. About a dying person it is said, his Day of Resurrection has arrived because now the door to do any good or seek repentance has been closed for him. Moreover, death is all of a sudden without a warning. No one knows when they are going to die. People go to sleep and never wake up.  They leave for work in the morning and die in an accident. A person may not even be mentally ready for it.

There are people that acknowledge death and live accordingly. They are not negligent with regards to their worship, rights or responsibilities and forgive people before going to sleep. He too will die like others without a warning but it won’t be a surprise for him since he was preparing for his return to his Lord.

The word hasratana [حَسْرَتَنَا] means sorrow or regret. The people that die without preparing for their questioning die with deep regret.  They realize how negligent they had been and how they wasted their time in unnecessary things. A week goes by and we don’t know where our time went.

The word awzarahum [أَوْزَارَهُمْ] means “burden”. It appears in ahadeeth that on the Day of Judgment, the deeds of good people will become their ride while the evil deeds of evil people will be placed like a burden on their heads. [Maarif ul Qur’an]. People will be carrying the burden of their sins on their backs.

Asbat said that As-Suddi said,

“Upon entering his grave, every unjust person will meet a man with an ugly face, dark skin, awful odor, wearing dirty clothes, who will enter his grave with him. When the unjust person sees him, he will say, ‘How ugly is your face!’ He will reply, ‘So was your work, it was ugly.’ The unjust person will say, ‘How foul is the odor coming from you!’ He will reply, ‘Such was the case with your work, it stunk.’ The unjust person will say, ‘How dirty are your clothes!’ He will reply, ‘And your work too was dirty.’ The unjust person will ask, ‘Who are you?’ He will reply, ‘I am your deeds.’

So he will remain with the unjust person in his grave, and when he is resurrected on the Day of Resurrection, his companion will say to him, ‘In the life of the world, I used to carry you because you followed desire and lust. Today, you carry me.’ So he will ride on the unjust person’s back and lead him until he enters the Fire.”

Ayah 32
The Life of this World is Play and Amusement

Life of this world is a great blessing, and certainly an asset. It is an opportunity to do good deeds and raise our status in the Hereafter; hence it should be taken seriously. The time that we spend in play and amusement is the time when we are not remembering Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala or our death. This is the time when we are negligent and missing an opportunity.

Elucidating this fact, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says next,

وَمَا الْحَيَوةُ الدُّنْيَآ إِلاَّ لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَلَلدَّارُ الاٌّخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِّلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ أَفَلاَ تَعْقِلُونَ

And the life of this world is nothing but play and amusement. But far better is the abode of the Hereafter for those have Taqwa. Will you not then understand?

The life of this world is nothing but play and amusement. How come we are spending more time for dunya than our akhirah? How come we are more worried about worldly matters than the questioning in the Hereafter?

In this dunya we are passionately involved in one matter or another. Our attention diverts from one thing to another. Then a time comes when our life is over. Where did we spend our time?

Life in dunya is similar to playing a game. The players are physically involved in the game. They exhaust themselves in chasing the goals or target of that game. But soon the game is over. They either won or lost. Where were their energies spent, in chasing a ball?

People’s heart is engaged in dunya because the worldly life gives them pleasure. Fanatic trips to the shopping malls to buy this and that, to not miss any sales or discounts. Attending parties and festivities so as to not feel left out. These are our goals?

On the other hand a person that lives in this world on Taqwa saving himself from that Allah has forbidden and running after that what Allah has ordained. He carefully and consciously goes through his life. For such a person the Hereafter is better.

So many people died before us. They owned big houses, beautiful lives but they passed away. Therefore, focus on that which is eternal.

LESSONS:

– In Ayah 31 we learn about the importance of preparing for death. It means not just acknowledging the fact that we will die one day but also be actively preparing for the questioning. Everyone should ask themselves, “What if I die now? Am I prepared? Am I ready to face Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala? Will Allah be pleased with me? Or am I waiting for a miracle that will change my fate?” It’s not just about preparing for the questioning but also the debt we owe and the amanah of people that we have. Therefore, we should be prepared all the time. Don’t wait for tomorrow, next week, next month or next year. Do it now. If we don’t do it NOW we will never be able to do it.

People say, “When I am done with this, I will start reciting Qur’an, I will study Qur’an after I am done with my studies, after marriage, after children and so on.” The reality is that unless we take out time for what we want to do, we will never be able to do it.

Every one of us wants to be from the Ahlul-Qur’an but do we recite it every day? People that go to Qur’an class when there is an off day or a week off do they still recite it every day? Do we recite the Qur’an when it’s not obligated? When we pick it up according to our choice or when “we want”, then this is not companionship with Qur’an. Ahlul Qur’an would never be diverted from Qur’an.

– We learn that on the Day of Judgment people will bear the burden of their sins. It will be heavy and a cause of humiliation for them.

– In Ayah 32, we learn about the reality of life. We play in it and get amused by the things present in it but it is only temporary. It will come to an end. We become so engaged in life that we even miss or skip our Fardh or voluntary acts of worship.

– Home is where we stay and find peace and happiness in. Notice that in the ayah, the term home has been used to describe the Hereafter. It has been said that this world is a prison for the believer. Does a prisoner decorate his prison cell? Does he start making his cell comfortable or is he waiting to get out? Similarly, while living in dunya we should not attach ourselves to this world.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayaat 31 and 32

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