Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayaat 44 and 45

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November 25, 2013 by Verse By Verse Quran Study Circle

Don’t Be Deceived By Blessings

In the previous ayaat, we studied the wisdom behind calamities that it is a mercy of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala that He gives us a jolt before the Final Hour.

In ayah 44, He talks about what happens when people ignore His Signs or wake-up calls. He says,

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When people forgot the messages that the prophets ‘alayhim salaam brought or when they denied the messengers, difficulties were sent their way. The messengers had warned them that they if they do not believe then punishments would descend.

The word nasu [نَسُواْ] is from the root letters noon-seen-ya and it means “to forsake, forget or neglect”. The word fatahna [فَتَحْنَا] is from the root letters fa-ta-ha and it means “to open, grant or let out”. The word abwab [أَبْوَاب] is the plural of baab which means “door”.

When the people became negligent of what they were commanded to do, gates of provision were opened for them from wherever they wished. Every blessing of the world was made abundant for them such as wealth, children and provision.

Kulli shayin denotes that this also includes those blessings which the people were deprived of earlier. Like the people of Pharaoh were suffering from famine and drought. The doors of rain and food were closed upon them. Later they were showered continuously and abundantly. When they became delighted or boastful about what they have been given, they were suddenly seized with punishment.

The word farihu [فَرِحُواْ] is from the root letters fa-ra-ha and it means “to be elated with greatness”.

Punishments are often sent suddenly, when a person is not even thinking about or expecting them.

The word mublisoon means dumbfounded, speechless or hopeless. When they were suddenly struck with punishment after being showered with abundant blessings, they went into depression.

A person should turn to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala instead of being in depression or living a hopeless life. A true believer cannot suffer from depression because he knows everything that’s happening to him is coming from Allah. It has some blessing behind it which will be revealed after some time. A person should remain patient and stay connected with Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala during all times.

Ayah 45

Next, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

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The word faquti`a [فَقُطِعَ] is from the root letters qaf-ta-ayn which means “to cut, severe, disunite or detach”. The fa in the beginning is connective particle usually translated as “then” or “so”. The word dabiru [دَابِرُ] is from the root letters dal-ba-ra and it means “the end or root of something”.

The root of the people that committed wrong was completely cut off. Such as pulling out weed from the ground nothing is left. The entire nation was wiped out.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala then ends the ayah with His praise. Why was this done? It is because whenever the wrongdoers, oppressors, and unjust people are visited by some punishment or calamity that is a blessing for the whole world for which people should be grateful to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

Lessons:

– Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala sends punishments gradually. He gives minor punishments so that people will become humble. When people do not recognize the Signs, gates of abundant provisions are opened upon them, and then suddenly they are taken by bigger calamity.

– A person is tested by both good and bad times. Having blessings and being deprived of blessings both are trials from Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. Never should a person think, now I’m fine. Every stage of life is a test. Health and sickness, poverty and affluence, good and bad relationships are all tests. In Surah al-Anbiya Ayah 35, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says, “Every soul will taste death. And We test you with evil and with good as trial; and to Us you will be returned.”

Hasan Al-Basri said, “Whomever Allah gives provision and he thinks that Allah is not testing him, has no wisdom. Whomever has little provision and thinks that Allah will not look at (provide for) him, has no wisdom.”

A believer is hopeful and patient whether he has blessings or is deprived of blessings. He can never be disappointed with the decree of Allah.

– No one should be deceived by seeing the affluence of people and hasten to the conclusion that these were the people on the correct path and that their life was a model of success. One should never forget that among them there could be some of those disobedient ones who have been picked out to be seized with sudden and grave punishment.

– When life becomes easy and things become accessible, then a person should be fearful that perhaps this is a punishment upon me. Maybe, I did something wrong that Allah has made dunya so easy for me. He is going to strike me with a calamity soon.

This however does not mean that a person should be negative when he is being blessed rather should remain between fear and hope.

The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “When you see blessings and wealth raining upon someone – though he is deep in sin and disobedience – then, know that he is being lured into destruction [istidraj] that is, his affluence is an indicator of his being seized in punishment. (Narrated by Ahmad from `Aqabah ibn `Amir in tafseer ibn Katheer)

– This ayah contains severe warning against being overly happy, arrogant or boastful when a person is given some blessing of this world. A true believer will never ever be boastful or arrogant, rather he will become more humble to thank Allah, to worship Allah and to use those blessings to help the people of Allah.

– Punishment from Allah comes without warning, when one is fully engrossed in sin.

– Injustice is a cause of Allah’s punishment. If a person is not punished for his oppression or injustice in dunya, he will certainly be dealt with in the Hereafter.

– We should not only say Alhumdulillah [all praise belongs to Allah] when we are given a blessing but also when a difficulty is removed.

We seek refuge with Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala from such a blessing that leads to our destruction. May He allow us to remain humble and patient, hopeful and fearful at all times, aameen.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayaat 44 and 45

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