Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayaat 46 and 47

Turn to Allah Before You Return to Allah

In these ayaat, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is addressing the Messenger sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam to respond to the rebellious people. He says,

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In the ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is asking through His Messenger sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam that if He takes away our senses which deity other than Allah would bring them back to us. If Allah takes away our hearing so that we are unable to retain anything or He takes away our sight so that we are unable to see anything or that He sets a seal upon our hearts so that we could no longer feel anything then who could return these senses to us? This tells us how dependent we are on Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

The word nussarifu [نُصَرِّفُ] is from the root letters sad-ra-fa and it means “to turn away, avert or divert”.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has presented various kinds of ayaat in the Qur’an. There are some ayaat that scare us and then there are those which comfort us. There are some ayaat which bring a clear command and then there are those which require further explanation through Prophet’s sayings. Similarly, we see the physical Signs of Allah. Sometimes, the sun is shining brightly above our heads. Sometimes rainfall comes followed by a hailstorm. Sometimes the sky is clear and sometime there is a solar or lunar eclipse. These are not fanciful things but these are Signs that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is showing us to make us ponder.

The word yasdifoona [يَصْدِفُونَ] is from the root letters sa`ad-dal-fa and it means “to turn away, shun aside, hinder or prevent”. Primarily, it is derived from the word Sadaf which is also used for oyster and it denotes something that’s hard, curvy and it bends.

While we are surrounded by a multitude of diverse Signs of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala, made plain and clear for us, each testifying His Oneness in lordship and that those worshiped besides Him are false and unworthy, people still turn aside. Not only do people turn away themselves but also divert or hinder people from following the truth as well.

Ayah 47

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The word baghtatan [بَغْتَةً] is from the root letters ba-ghayn-ta and it means “suddenly, unexpectedly or surprisingly”.

In the ayah, it means when people are unaware such as deep in their sleep they might be struck suddenly by a punishment. Remember the Florida man who was swallowed by a sinkhole in his sleep? Had he expected he would die that way?

There is one type of punishment that’s sudden like a sinkhole or an unexpected accident, and the other one is that you it coming such as an earthquake. You begin to feel the jolts before buildings collapse.

The word jahratan [جَهْرَةً] is from the root letters jeem-ha-ra and it means “plain, open or apparent”.

This torment only strikes those who commit injustice against themselves by associating others with Allah, while those who worship Allah alone without partners will be saved from it, and they will have no fear or sorrow.

LESSONS:

– Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has absolute power and control over us, and if we don’t submit to Him, He can do whatever He wishes to do with us. He has given us our senses to use them in proper way. He can take them back anytime. We should be fearful of His punishments.

For example, when we acquire the citizenship of some country, we are so conscious of its rules and regulations that we often fear breaking a law that might lead to confiscation of our passport. If we are so alert about laws of dunya then what about the faculties that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has given us?

– If a person loses his hearing, his sight or his heart is afflicted with a disease, then who should he turn to? Only Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. If a person is suffering from weak eyesight, poor hearing or some heart disease while he should go to a doctor he should also make sincere du`a to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala for the cure [shifa] is in His Hands.

“It is He Who has produced you and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful.” [Qur’an 67:23]

– We also learn about the mercy of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala that He has presented several ayaat so that we may take heed. Everyone is different. Some people are affected by words. Some take visual lessons. Anyone who sincerely wants to change himself would be affected by at least one of the Ayaat of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

– In ayah 47, we learn that a person should never be heedless at any moment of his life whether he is getting married or at some other stage in life. We don’t know when our last breath will be.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says in Surah al-A`raf ayaat 97 and 98, “Then, did the people of the cities feel secure from Our punishment coming to them at night while they were asleep? Or did the people of the cities feel secure from Our punishment coming to them in the morning while they were at play?”

Anything can happen at any time. Therefore, do everything as if it’s your last act. Speak as if this is the last word that you’re uttering. Meet people as if this is the last time that you’re meeting them.

– The people who are destroyed are not punished as zulm on the part of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. They may be wrongdoers and we are not aware of that.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayaat 46 and 47

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