Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayaat 48 and 49

Two Groups of People and their Retribution in the Hereafter

So far we have been reading about the reminders that were sent to people. The purpose of those reminders was that people might identify their mistakes and turn to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

[Chastising the Jews for Choosing Misguidance]

In the current ayaat, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala talks about the purpose of sending prophets and messengers ‘alayhim salaam. He also describes two groups of people and their attitude towards a Messenger’s calling. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

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Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has sent His messengers on the earth as givers of glad tidings as well as warners of His punishments. The messengers give glad tidings to the people that follow the commands of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala and perform righteous deeds. They warn people of Allah’s Wrath when they deviate from the right path and do evil deeds.

[Destruction of Past Generations]

Whoever believes in the messengers and corrects himself, he will have no fear on the Day of Judgment because he did what he was commanded to do. Moreover, such a person will not grieve about what he missed in this life or what he has left behind. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is the Wali [Guardian and Protector] of believers, He looks after them and their needs.

Ayah 49

In ayah 49, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala talks about the second group – the deniers of His ayaat. He says,

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The torment will strike them because of disbelieving in the Message of the messengers, defying Allah’s commands, committing what He prohibited and transgressing His set limits.

Lessons:

– In these ayaat, we learn about the favor of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala on us. It is through the teachings of the messengers that we know what to do and what to stay away from so that we may be successful in the Hereafter.

[The Reward for Righteous Believers]

– The messengers’ responsibility is to give glad tidings and warnings. Such should be the attitude of the people who follow the footsteps of messengers. They should give good news as well as warn people. If good news is not given people won’t be encouraged to perform a righteous act. Similarly, if people are not warned against Allah’s punishment they would keep committing the wrong against themselves as well as other people.

[Obeying the Messenger is Obeying Allah]

– The role of the messengers was simply to convey the message. They were not responsible for how people respond to them. It is Allah Who is going to deal with the people. Sometimes, we don’t even convey a command assuming people are not going to listen or follow so what’s the use. This is a wrong attitude. We should transfer knowledge whatever we have and convey to people. Whether they act upon it or not is a matter between them and Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

– Whoever wants to get out of sadness, depression and misery, he should believe and reform his actions. If a person keeps reciting the Qur`an but doesn’t change his way would he be happy? No. Knowledge that doesn’t benefit a person is of no use. Therefore, a person should constantly try to reform his own conduct.

[The Excellence of the Followers of the Qur’an]

Emaan [faith] and islah [reform] both are important. A person cannot say, “I believe,” and then not reform himself or a person spends his life as a righteous person but doesn’t believe in Allah – that’s not acceptable. Does Allah not have a right upon us? We do so much for others but what about the One Who gives us everything?

– Denying the ayaat of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala will be a cause of punishment in the Hereafter.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayaat 48 and 49

رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيم
“Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” [Al-Baqarah 2: 127]
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