Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayaat 56 – 58

Response to the Mushrikeen

In these ayaat, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is commanding the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam to address the mushrikeen. He says,

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The word nuhitu [نُهِيتُ] is from the root letters noon-ha-ya and it means “to prevent, forbid, restrain, hinder or prohibit”. The word tad’ouna [تَدْعُونَ] is from the root letters dal-ayn-wau and it means “to seek, desire, ask, call upon, invoke, call out to, pray, or supplicate”. There are two types of du`a; one where a person calls out to Allah and the other is that involves rituals as it is said du`a is the essence of worship.

We know that the mushrikeen of Makkah made a request to the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam to touch their idols and they will accept his God them. Therefore, over here the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam is being commanded to convey the idolators that he has been forbidden by Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala to do so.

One may ask, “What’s wrong with touching an idol”. While touching an idol may not look as prostrating them but it shows reverence and humility. Touching them means acknowledging that they have attributes that make them divine and this is not permissible for a Muslim to do for any other being besides Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

LESSONS:

– We have been forbidden from worshiping or praying to anything or anyone besides Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. There are Muslims while they worship Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala when they visit a shrine they pray to the dead saint to make du`a on their behalf. There are people that invoke the Prophet, his companions and his family to make du`a for them. All of this is incorrect. When the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam is forbidden then how can we be allowed?

– Those that worship others besides Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala their worship is based on desires and whims. Meaning there is no evidence or logic behind it.

– We are not allowed to compromise when it comes to the matters of Deen. Sometimes we say, “Let’s just say that they are also right and we are also right. Why does it matter?” No negotiation in the matters of religion.

In Ayah 57, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala instructs the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam to say that his worship of Allah is based on clear evidence. He says,

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The word bayyinah [بَيِّنَةٍ] means “clear evidence”. The Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam has a clear understanding of the Law of Allah revealed to him that the mushrikeen denied out of arrogance. Therefore, his worship is based on clear evidence and proofs unlike their worship [of idols] which is based on whims and desires.

When the mushrikeen were asked to fear Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala for their blatant disbelief, they would insist on bringing punishment. Therefore, the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam is being told to say that it’s not in his hands. He can neither show miracles by himself nor hasten the torment. The decision is only for Allah. If He wills, He will punish you soon in response to your wish. If He wills, He will give you respite, out of His great wisdom.

The word yaqussu [يَقُصُّ] is from the root letters qaf-saad-saad and it means “tell, communicate, narrate or recount”. Whatever Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has narrated is truth. All of His decisions are based on truth. Allah is the Best of decision makers.

The word fasileen [فَـصِلِينَ] is the plural of “fasil”. Fasil is from the root letters fa-saad-laam which means “to separate, to make distinct, clear or manifest”. Here, it is used for judge. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is the best in reckoning between His servants.

In ayah 58, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

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The Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam is being instructed to say that it’s a blessing that the punishment is not in his hands. If it was in his hands he would have brought the punishment. He was a human being and a da`ee. Even the best of the people lose their patience and tolerance when people deny them. For example, in our day to day affairs, when people mistreat us we cut off ties with them. We vow never to see them again.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala, however, is Al-Haleem. He gives respite to people. He is fully aware of who does what but He is giving people a chance to change.

LESSONS:

It is a mercy of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala that He has not given the rights of punishment to human beings. Had the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam brought punishment over the disbelieving people would Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl, Abu Sufyan and many others become Muslims? Allah’s wisdom is beyond our understanding. He is ever Watchful of what people do.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayaat 56 and 58

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