Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayah 59

How to Stay Safe from Sins – The Master Prescription

Tawheed [Belief in the Oneness of Allah] applied in its pure form is the distinctive feature of Islam. It, however, is not limited to taking Allah as One. Tawheed is believing in Him as being unique and without equal in all His attributes of perfection, and not taking any created being to be a sharer or partner in these attributes of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala.

Some of these attributes of Divine perfection are: life, knowledge, power, hearing, seeing, will, creation, sustenance. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is so perfect in all His attributes that no created being can be equal to Him in any of the attributes. Out of these attributes two are most distinct; `Ilm [knowledge] and Qudrah [power].

His knowledge encompasses and embraces all. His Power surrounds and controls everything fully and conclusively.

Ayaat 59 and 60 describe these two attributes. If one believed in these two attributes strongly and completely he just cannot ever even think of committing a crime or sin. A person remains conscious and knows that there is someone All-Knowing, All-Aware, All-Powerful watching over him all the time, and Who knows him outside in and inside out and Who is aware of even the intention of the heart and the passing thought of the mind, then, how would he ever be able to take even a tiny step towards any disobedience to his All-Powerful Master?

In the ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

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The word mufatihu [مَفَاتِحُ] is the plural of the word miftah which is from the root letters fa-ta-ha. Miftah means “keys or treasures”. The keys to the Unseen are with Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala alone. They are in His possession and ownership. Bukhari recorded that Salim ibn `Abdullah said that his father said that the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

مَفَاتِيحُ الْغَيْبِ خَمْسٌ لَا يَعْلَمُهُنَّ إِلَّا الله

“The keys of the Unseen are five and none except Allah knows them.” Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala describes these five Unseen matters in Surah Luqman Ayah 34. He says,

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Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala further states that He knows whatever there is on the land and in the sea. His knowledge encompasses everything, including the creatures living in the sea and on land, and none of it, not even the weight of an atom on earth or in heaven, ever escapes His knowledge. He knows the movements of everything including inanimate things. Therefore, what can be said about His knowledge of the living creatures, especially, those whom the Divine laws have been imposed upon such as mankind and the Jinns.

In another Ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala said,

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LESSONS:

– Knowledge of the Unseen is only with Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. If we wish to learn about Him then we need to read the Qur’an. We see in the Qur’an how even the angels and the prophets didn’t have the knowledge that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala possesses. In Surah al-Baqarah ayah 32, the angels after being proven wrong say, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.” Similarly, in Surah Hud when Prophet Nuh `alayhi salaam prayed for his misguided son, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala said, “…ask Me not for that about which you have no knowledge. Indeed, I advise you, lest you be among the ignorant.” [11:46]

If Prophet Yaqoob `alayhi salaam knew the Unseen, wouldn’t he have gone and brought Yusuf `alayhi salaam back? If Musa `alayhi salaam knew the Unseen, he wouldn’t have been asking questions from Khidr when he noticed a few unusual things.

– With our limited knowledge we begin objecting what happens in our life. We don’t have the wisdom to comprehend why He chooses something for us. It will only be evident after some time has passed. Yet, there are some people who challenge Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. They challenge His commands or mock them. Some people [unfortunately Muslims included] say, “We don’t have to accept everything that’s in the Qur’an.” They challenge the Qur’an without realizing our knowledge is both insignificant as well as limited.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayah 59

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