Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayah 70

The End of Those Who Mock Religion

In this ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala narrates the destruction of those who have made their religion an amusement. During the times of the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam the idolators of Makkah used to whistle, clap and dance around the Ka`abah. They considered that to be an act of their worship. Today people observe days to visit shrines and temples of dead saint and dance to the beat of the drum. Nasheeds, qawwali and naats are being sung with music and words that denote shirk.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala reminds us of the consequences of such acts. He says,

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The word dhar [ذَر] here is a derivation from wadhara which means being displeased with something and leaving it. Thus, the ayah can be taken either in the sense of leaving people who have turned religion into a plaything and a laughing stock; or in the sense that they have left their real faith and taken to fun and play as their religion and purpose of life. The transitory life of the present world has deceived them. This is a true diagnosis of their real problem. They are disobedient and wicked because they are bewitched by the glamour of their mortal life totally forgetting that they have another state of life ahead of them. If they had believed in the akhirah and the Last Day, they would have never acted so recklessly.

In the ayah, we have been given two instructions that we should not only avoid the people described above but also act positively and remind them of Allah’s revenge and painful torment by continuing to preach through the Qur’an and keep putting the fear of Allah’s punishment in their hearts.

The word tubsal [تُبْسَلَ] in the ayah has been translated by the mufasireen as “being submissive, being exposed, being recompensed or being reckoned”. This means exposure to destruction, being kept away from all that is good, and being restrained from attaining what is desired. Such people will find no protector or intercessor besides Allah and no compensation will be accepted from them.

Towards the end of the Ayah, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala gives details of their punishment. Should they continue doing what they were doing, they are bound to fall a victim to their own evil conduct.

LESSONS:

– We learn about the prohibition of taking our religion as play and amusement. We should have a serious attitude towards Deen. Sometimes Qur’an students too have a non-serious attitude. People who come to halaqahs and study circles complain, “Why do we have to be so boring?” They want fun and amusement in the religion as well. Watching a three hour movie is not burdensome for us but offering ten minutes Salah is heavy on us.

– This ayah also tells us that the company of people who are heedless to the akhirah and are content with their life in the mortal world is fatal for everyone. Its ultimate consequence is that whosoever sits in their company shall be subject to the same punishment in which they have been caught up.

– Don’t be impressed by the people of dunya by their jobs, by their homes and by their lifestyle. They are deluded. Their ultimate goal is the success of this life.

– We are commanded not to stay in their company but this doesn’t mean complete boycott. We should limit our meetings with them but when we meet them we should remind them of the correct ways. We should not look at their fancy house purchased on riba and say, “Ma sha Allah,” because this way we will be giving them up for arrest. If someone is doing wrong we shouldn’t praise them. We should choose for others what we choose for ourselves.

– In the dunya, we are accustomed to relying on three kinds of sources to escape a punishment: power and influence, reference of influential people and wealth. On that Day no source besides Allah would be of help to man.

The essential objective of these ayaat [68-70] is to save Muslims from evil environment and bad company which can be as deadly as poison. History shows that the root of all evils and crimes is the evil society and environment in which they grow up. Once snared into it, one slides into evils against personal grain and conscience. Then, comes the stage when, once habituated, the sense of evil dies away – reaching the limit when one starts taking evil as good and good as evil.

In a hadeeth, the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam has been reported to have said when a person gets involved in a sin for the first time, there appears a dot on his heart. This is like a black dot on a white dress which everyone dislikes and gets disturbed with. So, this person too feels the distaste in his heart. But when he, after having done the first one, goes on doing the second and the third sin – and does not repent from the past sin – black dots, one after the other, keep appearing on the heart, so much so that the radiant tablet of the heart turns jet black. The outcome is that this person is deprived of the very ability to distinguish between good and bad.

When one comes to think of it, wrong environment and bad company really hurt all human beings. They push people into the abyss. May Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala keep all of us protected from them, aameen. Everyone who is responsible for raising children must do their best to keep children safe from such society and environment.

DOWNLOAD PDF: Al Anaam Ayah 70

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2 thoughts on “Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayah 70

  1. Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu

    I would like to know who is the teacher/shaykh for this tafseer plz. JazaakAllaahu khairan.

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