In the Masjid
After the morning prayer, people in the mosque drew closer to Prophet Muhammad salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam, assembling around where he was seated. They watched him as the rising sun cast its light upon his face, which was clear and honest.
Abdullah ibn Salam IradhiAllahu ‘anhu, a Jewish convert to Islam and companion of the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam, once said,
“When I first looked upon his face, I knew that it was not the face of a liar.” [At-Tirmidhi]
Sometimes, the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam gave a small sermon in the morning. Al `irbad ibn Sariyah gives us an account of one of these sermons, “Allah’s Messenger salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam preached to us one day after the morning prayer. It was an eloquent sermon which brought fear to our hearts and tears to our eyes. One of us said afterward: ‘This sermon seems like a farewell, so what do you enjoin upon us?’ He said,
‘I enjoin upon you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if an Ethiopian slave is made your ruler, for indeed, those of you who live on after me will witness a lot of dissention. I warn you against newly invented matters, for they are misguidance. Those of you who come upon such matters should hold fast to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guided caliphs who come after me. Hold to it with all your might.’” [At-Tirmidhi]
The Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam always kept his sermons short. He knew how to get his message across while holding the people’s attention.
After the early morning prayer, the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam asked his Companions if there was anyone who was sick and needed a visit. If they said no, then he would ask if there was any funeral that day where he could pay his respects. He would then ask after any of his Companions he noticed to be missing. For instance, he once asked about the black-skinned woman who used to volunteer to sweep out the mosque. They told him that she had passed away. Upon hearing this, he said, “Why didn’t you tell me about it?” He was upset. It was as if they had trivialized the matter. They replied, “Messenger of Allah salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam, she died last night and was buried. We did not wish to wake you up.” The Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “Take me to her grave.” (Muslim)
On another occasion, the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam noticed the absence of Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shams radhiAllahu ‘anhu and asked, “What is the matter with Thabit? He is not to be seen. Does he have a problem?” Sa`ad ibn Mu`adh radhiAllahu ‘anhu said, “He’s around. I do not know of him having any problem.” Sa`ad then went out to look for him and found him at home with his door shut. He was crying, and when Sa`ad asked him, “What’s the matter?” Thabit replied, “Allah has revealed this ayah: “O you who have believed, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet or be loud to him in speech like the loudness of some of you to others, lest your deeds become worthless while you perceive not.” [Surah al-Hujurat : 2] Thabit continued, “I am a man with a very strong voice, and I am afraid that I have nullified my good deeds and am from those destined for Hell.”
The Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam met with him thereafter and told him, “You are not from those destined for Hell. Quite the contrary. You live in a good way and you will die in a good way. You are from the denizens of Paradise.” [Muslim]
From the above examples, we can see how the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam showed his concern for his Companions radhiAllahu ‘anhum. They were always on his mind. The Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam gave attention to all those who were present and asked about those who were absent. In this way, he strengthened their sense of community and solidarity.
He then asked them about their dreams, saying, “Whoever has had a dream, relate it to me. I will interpret it.” He would then hear their dreams and relate to them what Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala inspired him to say.
The Companions remain seated in the Prophet’s company and conversed with one another. He listened to their conversations and participated in it. Sometimes the conversations turned to their lives before Islam and the foolish things they used to do without realizing how foolish they were until after Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala blessed them with Islam. They laughed when they recalled how stupidly they used to behave. The Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam smiled, since his laughter came forth as a broad smile. They remain seated like this until the sun rose high in the morning sky. Then the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam stood up and departed for his home. As he left the mosque, he said, “In the name of Allah. May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah! Forgive me my sins and open to me the gates of Your bounty.” [Muslim]
The first thing the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam did when he reached home was brush his teeth to freshen his breath. Then he called out a greeting to his family, “Peace be upon you. How is everyone doing at home?”
He visited each of his wives in turn in her own private quarters. He greeted them, invoked prayers for them, and stayed with each for a little while. When he found one of his wives is on her prayer mat engaged in prayer or the remembrance of Allah, he quietly left without disturbing her.
He asked generally if there was any food to be had. On some days there was food and on others, it wasn’t. When there was food he would eat something very light. When he was informed there was no food, on those occasions the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam would reply, “Then today I will fast.” [Muslim]
Published with modifications from onislam.net.