Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayaat 91 – 92

The Revelation is from Allah

These ayaat have been revealed in answer to those who had the audacity to say that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has not revealed any book to any human being. According to them, this whole proposition of books and messengers was all wrong.

Ibn `Abbas radhiAllahu `anhu and Ibn Katheer said that this Ayah was revealed about the Quraysh. While some said that it was revealed about some Jews. Mufti Muhammad Shafi Usmani writes in his Maroof-ul-Qur’an if those who said this were the idolaters of Makkah then the matter is obvious for they did not believe in any book and prophet. And if they were Jews, then their saying so was an outcome of their anger and irritation contrary to the dictates of their own religion.

In the ayah addressing the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

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The word qadaru [قَدَرُو] is from the word qadr which means “to appraise, assess or know the value of something”. How can we assess the value of something? By studying it, by examining it, by acquiring knowledge about it not from only one aspect but several aspects.

Therefore, in the ayah Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says to the Prophet that the ones who made an absurd comment about Him did not recognize Him as was His right. Had they done so this audacious remark would have never escaped their lips. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says in Surah Yunus Ayah 2, “Have the people been amazed that We revealed [revelation] to a man from among them, [saying], ‘Warn mankind…’”

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala tells the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam to ask the people who deny Scripture absolutely: If you think Allah did not reveal any book to any human being then you better have an answer as to who revealed the Torah in which you believe. You and all others know that Allah sent down Torah to Musa `alayhi salaam, the son of `Imran. He sent the Torah as a light and guidance for people so that it could shed light on the answers to various disputes, and to guide away from the darkness of doubts.

Along with it, they were also told: You are such connoisseurs of crooked ways that you would treat your own book, the Torah, which you believe in as being Holy Scripture, in a way that you got it conveniently written on separate sheets, rather than having it in a formally bound book, so that you can take out any sheet from it as and when you want it, and by doing so you would have the option of denying what it enjoined. The Jews copied the Torah into separate sheets from the original and altered, changed and distorted as they wished. They would then say, “This is from Allah,” while it was not from Allah. One example of this are the verses of Torah which describe the signs and attributes of the Last Messenger.

And Who sent down the Qur’an in which Allah taught you the news of those who were before you and the news of what will come after that neither you nor your fathers had knowledge of?

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala ends the ayah by saying, leave them to play in ignorance and misguidance until the true news comes to them. Then, they will know whether the good end is theirs or for the fearful servants of Allah.

After having concluded the argument concerning revelations Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala said next,

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As you accept that the Torah was sent down by Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala so this Qur’an too was sent by Allah. And sufficient for them is the proof of its veracity that the Qur’an confirms what has been revealed in the Torah and the Injeel. Just as Torah and Injeel were revealed to the Bani Isra`eel, the Qur’an was revealed to the Bani Isma`eel who had received no prophet or book of guidance until that time. Bani Isma`eel were the Arabs living in Umm al-Qura and its environs. Qur’an calls Makkah Umm al-Qura or the Mother of Cities. It means the root and foundation of all towns and habitations. It also has the Qiblah, the central attraction of acts of `Ibadaah for the whole world.

The Qur’an is for the Arabs and the rest of the children of Adam whether Arabs or not as said in Surah al-Ar`af Ayah 158, “Say, [O Muhammad], ‘O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all…’”   

 

It is recorded in the two Saheehs, that the Messenger of Allah sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

أُعْطِيتُ خَمْسًا لَمْ يُعْطَهُنَّ أَحَدٌ مِنَ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ قَبْلِي

“I have been given five things which were not given to anyone else before me.” The Prophet mentioned among these five things,

وَكَانَ النَّبِيُّ يُبْعَثُ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ خَاصَّةً، وَبُعِثْتُ إِلَى النَّاسِ عَامَّة

“Every Prophet was sent only to his nation, but I have been sent to all people.”

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala ends this ayah by saying that those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, believe in this blessed Book, the Qur’an as well. They are those who perform what Allah ordered them, offering the prayers perfectly and on time. Why has the Akhirah been mentioned here? It is because anyone who believes in the Hereafter and the Judgment Day will definitely be moved by the fear of Allah. He would be free from the shackles of ignorant customs and embrace the truth in its entirety.

The lack of concern for the Akhirah is the mother of all spiritual diseases. From here come Kufr, Shirk, sin and disobedience. If a believer happens to have committed a mistake or sin, he does feel a pinch in his heart. Sooner or later, he repents and resolves to stay away from sin in the future. So, the fear of Allah and the concern for the Akhirah are, in all truth, channels which make human beings what they should be and which make them capable of staying away from crime, sin and disobedience by conscious choice.

LESSONS:

– We learn the obligation of knowing Allah; about having the maa`rifa of Allah. It is one of the most important things in a believer’s life. Learning about Allah is not limited to Allah is One and He is our Creator. Every Muslim knows this yet we see many Muslims not praying, not giving sadaqah, not refraining from the forbidden things. Knowing Him means understanding Him, having His recognition, knowing His Names and attributes, realizing His greatness. How does one learn about Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala? By learning His Book.

– We learn the abomination of dividing the Scripture into qaratees [parchment]. Some of us only focus on Surah Yaseen. Others focus on only Juzz 30. All that we read in the Salah are the ayaat from Juzz 30. We only focus on parts of the Qur’an and completely ignore ayaat as if they are not there. We only follow those ayaat that conform to our desires and ignore others. People have degrees in Islamic studies but have never read the Qur’an from cover to cover. The Qur’an is not just Surah Yaseen or Juzz 30. We need to understand the entire Qur’an and follow it in its entirety not pick and choose. We take the words out of context and quote them.

– In Ayah 92, we learn that the Qur’an is for all people and not just Arabs.

– It is the responsibility of the people who have been given the Qur’an to convey it to others. This should be their mission in life.

– Belief in Akhirah signifies a stronger and better relationship with Qur’an and Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. When a person fears the questioning in the Hereafter, he will strive to learn and do what he should be doing as a righteous believer.

– The concern for the Akhirah will make one careful about his Salah.

DOWNLOAD PDF: al-Anaam Ayaat 91 – 92

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