Al-Anaam · Juz 7 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayaat 93 – 94

Inventing a Lie against Allah

In these ayaat Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala talks about the people who invent lies about Him or spread falsehood concerning His Being. He says,

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How does one fabricate lies against Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala? By saying Allah has a partner or that He has a son while he has no evidence to support his claim. It also includes fabricating statements and saying that Allah has said this while they are not from Allah. Calling something haram while it’s halal. Changing the laws of Allah. Inventing lies also includes claiming Prophethood. There were people during the times of the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam such as Musyalimah al-Kadhdhab [the liar] and even today that claim false Prophethood. A person who does this is most unjust.

A person who says Wahi [revelation] is done to me is unjust. He deliberating lies whereas in reality not even one ayah is revealed to him. Who is more unjust than a person who says, “I will reveal [something] like what Allah revealed”? Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala talks about this in Surah Anfal Ayah 31, “And when Our ayaat are recited to them, they say, ‘We have heard. If we willed, we could say [something] like this. This is not but legends of the former peoples.’” This is mockery of the ayaat of Allah and the Message of Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam, and great injustice.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says to the Prophet that if only he could see the suffering that the wrongdoers go through due to the hardships, agonies and afflictions of death when the angels are stretching forth their hands, beating them until their souls leave their bodies. Ad-Dahhak and Abu Salih said that “stretch forth their hands” means “with torment”. Explaining this Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says in Surah Anfal Ayah 50, “And if you could but see when the angels take the souls of those who disbelieved… They are striking their faces and their backs and [saying], ‘Taste the punishment of the Burning Fire.’” This indicates that the angels don’t take back the soul of wrongdoer with ease.

When the disbeliever is near death, the angels will convey the “good news” to him of torment, vengeance, chains, restraints, Hell, boiling water and the anger of the Most Beneficent, Most Merciful. The soul will then scatter in the body of the disbeliever and refuse to get out of it. The angels will keep beating the disbeliever until his soul exits from his body.

Why will the disbelievers face this? It is because of the lie that they spread against Allah and due to their arrogance towards His ayaat. They said they could speak something better than what Allah had revealed.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says next,

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The word furada [فُرَادَى] is from the root letters fa-ra-dal and it means “single, to be alone, unaccompanied or isolated”. This is how people will return to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala on the Day of Judgment. They came into this world alone and will return alone. Death is something which separates people. Even people who die at the same time they are separated. People who are buried in the same grave are separated. People will return to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala without having rank, family or friends. The wealth and money that they collected in the worldly life will all be left behind.

It is recorded in the Saheeh that Allah’s Messenger sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

يَقُولُ ابْنُ آدَمَ مَالِي مَالِي وَهَلْ لَكَ مِنْ مَالِكَ إِلَّا مَا أَكَلْتَ فَأَفْنَيْتَ، أَوْ لَبِسْتَ فَأَبْلَيْتَ، أَوْ تَصَدَّقْتَ فَأَمْضَيْتَ، وَمَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ فَذَاهِبٌ وَتَارِكُهُ لِلنَّاس

“The son of Adam says, ‘My money, my money!’ But, what part of your money do you have, other than what you eat of it and is thus spent, what you wear and tear and what you gave in charity and thus remains (in the record of good deeds). Other than that, you will depart and leave it to the people.”

Hasan Al-Basri said, “On the Day of Resurrection, the Son of Adam will be brought, as if he were a golden chariot and Allah, the Most Honored, will ask, ‘Where is what you collected?’ He will reply, ‘O Lord! I collected it and left it as intact as ever.’ Allah will say to him, ‘O son of Adam! Where is what you sent forth for yourself (of righteous, good deeds),’ and he will realize that he did not send forth anything for himself.” Hasan then recited this Ayah [Ayah 94]. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded this statement.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says, “And We do not see with you your ‘intercessors’ which you claimed that they were among you associates [of Allah]…” This chastises and criticizes the disbelievers for the rivals, idols and images that they worshipped in this life, thinking they will avail them in this life and upon Resurrection, if there is Resurrection, as they thought. On the Day of Resurrection, all relationships will be cut off, misguidance will be exposed, and those whom they used to call upon as gods will disappear from them.

In the dunya we have our friends and family who are support groups. They come forward to help us whenever we need them whether in good deeds or bad. But in the Hereafter all connections and ties will be severed. We will be standing alone answerable for our deeds. All false claims and false deities will vanish.

LESSONS:

– We learn that there are three great crimes which are extremely severe. 1. Lying against Allah whether it is by associating partners or any other way. For example, the mushrikeen of Makkah considered angels to be the daughters of Allah. 2. Claiming Prophethood. 3. Challenging the Qur’an.

– At the time of the death, a person is made aware of how his end will be. A person who dies his Hereafter has arrived. The angels give him the news of what is going to happen.

– We learn that fabricating statements against Allah leads to disgrace and humiliation. This is a severe warning as sometimes we utter statements casually stating this is from Allah.

– We learn the consequences of being arrogant towards the ayaat of Allah. How is a Muslim arrogant towards the ayaat of Allah? We don’t bother to read, understand or act upon them. We spend our times talking or daydreaming about so many irrelevant things but when it comes to the Qur’an we don’t have the time.

– In Ayah 94, we learn that we will return to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala alone. No one can accompany us. In the dunya we are looking for a supporter who can help us pass through difficulties. If our relationship with Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is severed then nothing can save us.

– On the Day of Judgment people will have no belongings. In the dunya people cannot be separated from their phones, gadgets, cars or other belongings. They take away most of our time and attention. Women spend their times upgrading their wardrobe and cleaning their house, decorating and re-decorating it but in the Hereafter nothing is going to help. Then why do we spend so much of our time and energy in these things? People spend so much time in color coordinating their rugs, curtains, we use them a few times and it’s all over. On the Day of Judgment we will be standing there without time or the belonging we spent our time on. We should look in our house and note the stuff we are hoarding. If something fulfills our need then that is it. On the Day of Judgment we will not be thinking about our latest gadgets or color coordinated clothes. This is not going to benefit us in the Hereafter.

– In the Hereafter there will be no relationship. This summarizes the fact that a person is alone. He will be answerable for his actions alone. Don’t deceive yourself by crowding up your life. When we have too many friends or stuff we are only deceiving ourselves. We have crowded up our lives only to delude ourselves. We should remember we will be alone and empty handed.  Many times we don’t obey Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala or follow His commands because of the fear that we will be alone but we need to think which loneliness is better? The loneliness in the dunya because we follow the truth or the loneliness in the Hereafter when we will be locked up in columns of Hellfire?

DOWNLOAD PDF: al-Anaam Ayaat 93 – 94

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