We need to understand that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala has told us we will be tested, that these tests are for a reason, and that there will be relief, in sha Allah. When we are worried thinking about the future, we need to work hard but have full trust in Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala that He will not leave us, and we must always think well of Allah because that is what we will find.
Yet in certain circumstances we just feel… broken. Perhaps it is the death of someone close, perhaps a hurtful word, or perhaps a reason we cannot pinpoint. Yet this feeling of brokenness can be an invitation to be better acquainted with al-Jabbar.
But isn’t al-Jabbar one of the Names that indicates Majesty and Strength, not Mercy and Beauty?
The root of al-Jabbar is jeem-ba-ra and has a wide variety of meanings indicating Allah’s strength and majesty. One of the basic meanings of this name is the One who compels and restores, and demonstrates Allah’s Majesty and Strength over His servants. This is a Name for the tyrants and oppressors to be aware of, because their misdeeds will not go unpunished.
Yet this Name has another dimension: al-Jabbar is the One who is able to restore and mend what is broken. Some of the great scholars would supplicate “Ya Jaabir kul kaseer” when they were faced with overwhelming difficulty, meaning “O You who mends everything that is broken.”
The Arabic word for a splint that is used to help an arm heal when it is broken is “jibeera” from the same root jeem-ba-ra. Thus, when we feel broken, we need to go to the only One who can mend our state–al-Jabbar. Sometimes when we get this broken feeling, Shaytan tells us not to go to Allah because we are being hypocritical by only going to Allah when we are down. Yet this is untrue– Allah has named Himself al-Jabbar and given Himself this attribute; you cannot go to the One whose attribute is mending what is broken, and not be healed by Him.
The example of the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam is a beautiful one. Imagine being 50 years old, having just lost both your wife of twenty-five years and your uncle who took care of you as a child. Imagine walking into a town in order to ask people for their protection, and instead have them throw stones at you until your feet bleed. How would you have felt? How exhausted, both spiritually and physically, would you have been? And yet, the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam calls out to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala in one of the most beautiful and heartfelt du`a:
“O Allah! To you alone I complain my weakness, my scarcity of resources, and the humiliation I have been subjected to by people. O Most Merciful of those who have mercy! You are the Lord of the weak, and You are My Lord too.
To whom have you entrusted me? To a distant person who receives me with hostility? Or to an enemy to whom you have granted authority over my affair?
But as long as You are not angry with me, I do not care, except that Your favor is a more expansive relief to me. I seek refuge in the light of Your Face by which all darkness is dispelled and every affair of this world and the next is set right, lest Your anger or Your displeasure descend upon me.
Yours is the right to reproach until You are pleased. There is no power and no might except by You.”
Listen to the explanation of this du’a in Urdu, here.
Read those words carefully. The du`a of the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam was not “O Allah, please give me x and y.” It was literally the call of someone broken– complaining to Allah of his situation and expressing to Allah how he felt. What did Allah give him? A young boy by the name of Addaas saw the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam, he came to him with some grapes and kissed his bleeding feet.
That is al-Jabbar! Imagine how the Prophet must have felt after that, the relief he must have felt after the cruelty he was subjected to. And al-Jabbar healed the broken heart of the Prophet in another way – He bestowed upon him the miraculous journey of al-Israa wal Mi’raaj (when the Prophet traveled from Makkah to Jerusalem, and from Jerusalem to the Heavens in one night).
If we think about the journey, it did not accomplish a great victory nor did it help to convince the Quraysh that he was a Prophet. Rather, Allah honored him after all the hardship he had gone through. Think of the resolve the Prophet must have had in his heart and the tranquility he must have felt after such an experience.
Therefore, we have to always remind ourselves of this blessed name al-Jabbar; Allah will mend your broken heart. It may be through a kind word from someone that brightens your day or it may be a talk that you attend. It may even be something greater. But call on Allah like the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam did, recognizing this attribute, and know that He will manifest this Name in your life.
Du`a with this Name
In between the two sajdahs, recite:
Allahumma-ighfirlee warhamnee wahdini warhamnee wajburnee wa ‘aafinee warzuqnee warfa’nee
‘O Allah, forgive me, have mercy upon me, guide me, enrich me, give me health, grant me sustenance and raise my rank.’
Jabr in this du`a does not mean to compel, but rather it means ‘fix my situation’, in the meaning of muslih (reformer).
We should write these du`as down and memorize them, so we may benefit from them. Why are these du`as mentioned in sajdah? We are most close to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala in sujood and mentioning His Greatness expresses our humility.
So Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is Al-Jabbar: the One Who Compels, the One Who Reforms and the One Who is Great.
[SOURCE: Virtual Mosque ]
- Names of Allah
- Ar-Rahman – The Most Merciful
- Ar-Raheem – The All Merciful
- Al-Maalik – The Sovereign
- Al-Qudoos – The Pure
- As-Salaam – The Source of Peace
- Al-Mu`min – the Remover of Fear, the Giver of Tranquility, the Source of Emaan
- Al-Muhaymin – the Guardian
- Al-Azeez – the Mighty, the Powerful
- Al-Jabbar – the Compeller