Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayaat 130 – 135

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March 8, 2014 by Verse By Verse Quran Study Circle

Warning is One of the Main Ways of Doing Da`wah

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Ayah 130

On the Day of Resurrection when the punishment will be shown Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala will chastise the disbelieving Jinns and humans. He will ask them if the messengers didn’t deliver His Messages to them. Meaning how come you reached this state? You commit Shirk by using one another. Why did you use one another for evil purposes? Didn’t the Messenger tell you that what you are doing is wrong?

In Surah an-Nisa Ayah 165, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala said, “[We sent] messengers as bringers of good tidings and warners so that mankind will have no argument against Allah after the messengers.”

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala then narrates the response of Jinns and humans. They will say, “We bear witness against ourselves,” meaning we affirm that the messengers have conveyed Your Messages to us and warned us about the meeting with You, and that this Day will certainly occur.

How did the Jinns and mankind reach this state? They sold their Akhirah for their dunya. For some benefits of this world they wasted their lives and brought destruction to themselves by rejecting the messengers and denying their miracles. This is because they were deceived by the beauty, adornment and lusts of this life. Dunya appeared so important to them that they could not bother their selves with the concern for the Hereafter.

Although they will confess that they were not of the believers, their confession will not benefit them in the Hereafter. When a person confesses in the dunya, he tries to change his ways. Confession on the Day of Judgment though is futile.

Ayah 131 – No One can have an Excuse 

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala sent the messengers and revealed the Books to the Jinns and mankind, so that no one has an excuse that he is being punished for his wrongs although he did not receive Allah’s Message. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala does not punish any nation, except after sending messengers to them, so that they have no excuse.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala sends messengers so that they can guide and warn the people. If after that people are punished then it is because of the wrong that they have committed. They either ignored the commands or disobeyed.

Ayah 132 – Ranks in the Hereafter are According to One’s Deeds

The word walikullin [وَلِكُلٍّ] indicates every person who performs deeds meaning mukallaf. Mukallaf is anyone burdened with accountability. This includes both the humans as well as the Jinns. The condition, however, is adulthood and sanity. Neither is a child accountable nor a mentally challenged person.

Anyone who obeys Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala or behaves disobediently has grades and ranks according to his deeds. Each person will be awarded or punished according to his action in the Hereafter. Good for good and evil for evil.

Generally in the world, a person puts in lots of efforts in a project but someone else takes the credit. The person is not recognized for his efforts or skills. When it comes to marriage people go for beauty and wealth and do not see whether the person has any manners or intellect as well. But Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is not unaware of His people. He knows who deserves what. In the Hereafter, He will recompense people according to their deeds.

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Ayah 133 – If They Disobey, They will Perish

In the previous ayah, we learned that we need to worship Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala in order to earn more good deeds and Jannah. A person might think that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala “needs” our worship. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala refutes this claim here.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is free from needing His creatures in any way or form, while they stand in need of Him in all situations. None of His tasks depend on mankind. He neither benefits from our good deeds nor by rewarding or punishing us. He is absolutely Independent and doesn’t need us in any way whatsoever. Yet…at the same time He is Possessor of Mercy that when one makes an effort he is rewarded for it.

We see a connection between Ghina and Rahmah here. He is so rich that He doesn’t need our worship or obedience, but when someone worships Him or obeys His commands he is rewarded for it. In Surah al-Baqarah ayah 143 it was said, “Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful.” 

[Tafseer Al-Baqarah Ayah 143]

According to Maulana Al Maududi this implies two things. First, it is only out of compassion for us that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is showing us the Right Way and not for His own interest. It will not serve any interest of His if we follow the Right Way and keep away from the wrong ways; nor will it do Him any harm if we swerve from it. We will be serving our own interest and avoiding harming ourselves. Therefore, it is His kindness that teaches us the right conduct to enable us to attain higher ranks and restrains us from wrong behavior that will throw us to the lowest depths of degeneration.

Second, our Lord is not ruthless. He does not enjoy punishing us for trifling offenses and errors. As a matter of fact, He is kind and sympathetic to all His creatures and rules over them with great compassion. That is why He forgives and forbears our shortcomings over and over again and shows compassion and leniency to us even though we become guilty of disobedience, sins and crimes. We imprudently discard His commandments knowing well that He is our Provider, yet He forgives and forbears and gives us respite after respite so that we may understand the reality and mend our ways.

Further it was said, “If He wills, He can do away with you…” meaning that if we defy His commandments He can destroy us and replace us with another creation, whatever that creation is. “…just as He produced you from the descendants of another people,” meaning just as Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has destroyed the earlier nations and brought their successors, He is able to do away with these generations and bring other people in their place.

يأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنتُمُ الْفُقَرَآءُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ الْغَنِىُّ الْحَمِيدُ

“O mankind, you are those in need of Allah, while Allah is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy.” [Surah Fatir : 15]

Ayah 134 – What You are Promised is Coming

In Ayah 134, we are reminded of death that’s chasing a person ever since he entered this world.

People continue to do wrong assuming there is no punishment for them but Allah ta`ala threatens them with death. No one can escape death. If they are not being punished then wait for the Resurrection when every deed will be judged. He will resurrect you even after you become dust and bones. Certainly, Allah is able to do all things and nothing ever escapes His power.

Ayah 135 – Indeed the Wrongdoers will Not Succeed

In Ayah 135 another method was adopted to awaken people from their heedlessness.

Makanatikum is a position, location, situation or a rank that a person is in. In the ayah it means, “Work according to your circumstances.” This is a statement said in Arabic to ask a person to continue doing what he is doing.

Here the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam was told to say the choice of not accepting what he is saying is theirs. Let them not accept it. Stay as they are and keep on doing what they are doing, and the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam will also continue to do what he is doing.

What was it that the people of Makkah were doing? They displayed their disbelief and opposition to the Message that the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam had brought. And what was the Prophet doing? He was spreading the message of Tauheed.

So the Mushrikeen were told to continue doing what their belief and hostility told them to do and the Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam too will keep on doing what his belief told him to do. In that, there was no loss for him. But very soon the Mushrikeen will be the ones to find out who will be blessed with the ultimate salvation and success of the Hereafter.

This contains a stern warning and a sure promise saying remain on your way, if you think that you are rightly guided for I will remain on mine.

You will come to know if the happy end will be mine [Muhammad’s] or yours [the unbelievers]. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala indeed kept His promise and allowed Muhammad salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam to prevail in the land and rise above those who defied him. He conquered Makkah and triumphed over his people who rejected and showed enmity toward him. The Prophet’s rule soon spread over the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen and Bahrain, and all this occurred during his lifetime. After his death, the various lands and provinces were conquered during the time of his successors, may Allah be pleased with them all.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala said in Surah Al-Mujadila Ayah 21, “Allah has written, ‘I will surely overcome, I and My messengers.’ Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.”

Lessons:

– Messengers were sent to both human beings and the Jinns because both have been created for the worship of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. Therefore, they will be held accountable for their deeds.

– On the Day of Judgment people and Jinns will accept that warners came to them and they didn’t accept the Message which was their fault. In Surah al-Mulk Ayaat 8 and 9, it was said, “Every time a company is thrown into it, its keepers ask them, ‘Did there not come to you a warner?’ They will say, ‘Yes, a warner had come to us, but we denied and said: Allah has not sent down anything. You are not but in great error.’”

– We also learn that what stops a person from heeding to a warning or accepting a message that the messengers have delivered is the deception of this worldly life. A person is so in love with this life that he is not willing to make any compromises and abandon his wrong actions for the sake of his Akhirah.

– We also learn about the importance of warning people about the Judgment day. It is our responsibility and it is one of the main ways of doing da’wah.

– Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala doesn’t punish people without warning them regarding what’s right and what’s wrong. If still people deny it then they are punished. This punishment will either be seen in this dunya or in the Hereafter. Punishment is only given when a person commits evil while knowing about the truth.

– We learn that there are levels and ranks of reward and punishment. In the Hereafter, it will be said to the recitor of the Qur’an: Go on reciting the Qur’an and continue ascending the stages of Jannah; and recite it in the same manner as you had been reciting it in the worldly life; your final abode will be where you reach when you read the last ayaah of your recitation.

Let’s check ourselves. How much Qur’an do we know and read? Our rank in Jannah depends on how much we know and read the Qur’an in dunya. It depends on our effort and commitment to the Book of Allah.

– One can be the President of a country but where will he be in the Hereafter? Ranks in dunya are temporary. They will eventually come to an end. But the ranks with Allah are forever.

In Surah Isra Ayah 21, Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala said, “Look how We have favored [in provision] some of them over others. But the Hereafter is greater in degrees [of difference] and greater in distinction.”

– The rank that a person wishes to achieve that is what he should strive for. If one wishes higher rank then he must put in more effort. Can a person become doctor without every studying? A person stays up some part of the night to pray Qiyam-ul-Layl, and fasts during the day. He is regular about his prayers and strives for excellence. Another person enjoys his sweet slumber at night and cannot imagine giving up food for some hours of the day. He doesn’t even try to make an effort. Can the two be same?

There’s a great reward for those who memorize the Qur’an because of the efforts that they make in learning the Book of Allah. The justice of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is such that He doesn’t forget the parents of Huffaz. There is a reward for them as well. It is because of the struggles that they had to make to see their child as a Hafidh.

– In the Hereafter, a person will be rewarded because of his amal and not because of his beauty, lineage or wealth.

– We do so bare minimum for the Akhirah and expect Jannat ul Firdous. Can the same happen in dunya? For example, if a person wishes to become a doctor can he just enter the university office and demand a medical license? It’s not possible. He will have to limit his socialization and other activities and commit to his books to get that license.

– It has been said the Day of Judgment has been called Yawm Hasra [the Day of Regret] because even the people who will enter Jannah will regret wasting their time on futile activities. They would say, “We wish we had done more for the sake of Allah.” When it comes to comprising we compromise in the Haq of Allah. We don’t sacrifice something of our dunya. This can be seen in our Salah. When our favorite TV program or a match is on; we will shorten our Salah, recite a small Surah and rush for that program. While being aware this could be our last Salah ever!

– We all need to do more for the sake of Allah to be in the company of the Prophets, the Siddiqeen, the Shuhada and the Sualeheen in the Hereafter, and not live an average religious life.

– Allah is independent of the worship of His creatures, and at the same time He is merciful. Usually about our lives, we have an opinion, “I live my life you live your life.” We pose we are independent of people and don’t need their helps whereas in reality we do need their help at times. Now even if we pose ourselves as independent of others we are not compassionate towards them. We will lock our doors do our own work being unconcerned about whether others need us or not. But Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala is not like this. While He is independent of us, He does not forget to honor us because of our good deeds or be merciful and kind to us. He acknowledges our every effort.

– It is the mercy of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala that He has allowed us time in this world to earn ranks for the Hereafter. Moreover, He grants us respite despite our disobedience and wrongdoings. He can replace us any moment but He is giving us time to turn back to Him.

– Anything that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has promised is definitely coming. Don’t be deceived by this worldly life. Life is too short. There is an enemy behind you. So be on your guard.

– Each person is allowed to do whatever he chooses to do in this dunya. The evil doer is allowed to continue his evil deeds and a good doer is allowed to continue in his goodness. This, however, does not mean that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala approves evil doer’s evil deeds.

– In the dunya, the consequences of people’s actions remain hidden. A person may be doing good, and people will consider him a good man but Allah knows his reality. In the Hereafter, we will find out. Never judge anyone. No one knows who is going to Jannah. Perhaps an evil person who we consider a resident of Hellfire is awarded Jannah.

– If people are stubborn in their transgression then we should become enthusiastic about increasing our good deeds. If someone is putting in effort for wrong ways then shouldn’t we be putting effort for goodness? When you see someone doing something bad don’t sit there and badmouth them, do something productive become active.

– A person who is oppressive and unjust can never be successful in this world or the Hereafter.

– If someone harms you let them continue to do what they are doing and do sabr. The Prophet salAllahu `alayhi wa sallam faced intense opposition but he did sabr and had tawwakal on Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. In the end we see that he was successful. Concentrate on your work and a time will come when you will be successful. If you get stuck there and start fighting then you will not be successful.

– Eventually, it is those who are on truth who will be successful. In Surah Ghaffir Ayaat 51 and 52 it was said, “Indeed, We will support Our messengers and those who believe during the life of this world and on the Day when the witnesses will stand – The Day their excuse will not benefit the wrongdoers, and they will have the curse, and they will have the worst home.”

DOWNLOAD PDF: al-Anaam Ayaat 130 – 135

رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيم
“Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” [Al-Baqarah 2: 127]

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