Al-Anaam · Juz 8 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Surah al-Anaam Ayah 148 and 149

A False Notion and Its Rebuttal

Disbelievers’ next argument was that we are misguided because Allah wanted us to do this. Had He not willed we would not have committed the wrong that we do.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says,

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Here Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala mentioned a debate with the idolators, refuting a false notion they have over their Shirk and the things that they prohibited. They said, surely, Allah has full knowledge of the Shirk we indulge in, and that we forbid some kinds of wealth. Allah is able to change this Shirk by directing us to the faith, – they claimed – and prevent us from falling into disbelief, but He did not do that. Therefore – they said Allah indicated that He willed, decided and agreed that we do all this.

This is similar to what people say today, “I did wrong because it was written in my Qadr. Allah wanted me to do this.” This is an excuse for someone who wants to follow his desire.

If Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala allows something to happen it is not necessary that He approves of it. There is a difference between what He likes and what He allows as a punishment. He has given us freedom. We are free to do whatever we would like to do. But at a later date, we will be accountable for our choices.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala said next, “…Likewise did those before deny…” for by using and relying on this understanding, the misguided ones before them were led astray. This notion is false and ungrounded, for had it been true, Allah would not have harmed them, destroyed them, aided His honorable Messengers over them, and made them taste His painful punishment.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala then says, “…Do you have any knowledge that you can produce…” that Allah is pleased with you and with your ways? If there is any such knowledge then it should be made plain, apparent and clear. You only follow doubts and wishful thinking. And you lie about Allah through the false claims that you utter.

Ayah 149 – Allah’s Proof is Perfect

Hujja is a solid proof that cannot be defeated while baligha is an evidence that is mature or reaches its completion. This means that compared to the argument that the disbelievers were presenting Allah’s argument is based on perfect wisdom and unequivocal proof. It defeats their justification and lame excuse.

Whatever Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala says that is Hujja tul Baligha and whatever people come up with is not solid argument.

If Allah had willed he would have forced people to be guided. All of what happens is according to His decree, His will, and His choice. He is pleased with the believers, and angry with the disbelievers.

LESSONS:

– Many people use Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala’s will as a justification for their wrongdoing, in this Ayah we learn that such a notion has been rejected. It is an excuse that was adopted by previous nations as well so we should see whose footsteps we are following.

– We also learn that people practice what the majority does. In the Ayah, they claimed to be following what their forefathers did. Today, when we point out an innovation the first rebuttal that we get is, “I’ve seen my parents and grandparents doing this for ages, so you mean to say that’s wrong?” Our source of guidance is not what our forefathers did rather what is in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of Rasoolullah sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam.

– Whatever Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has informed us through His Book and the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam is the truth and perfect knowledge. Therefore, we should not fall for people’s opinions and justifications or else in the end we will be confused and lost.

DOWNLOAD PDF: al-Anaam Ayah 148 and 149

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