– Begin with Tasmiyah: Bismillah hir Rahman ir-Raheem
– Wash both hands three times at the start of wudhu.
– Rinse the mouth and snuff water in nose. Be thorough in rinsing the mouth and snuffing water, as mentioned in the hadeeth:
“…and be thorough in snuffing water unless you are fasting.” [Abu Daw`oud, at-Tirmdhi, an-Nasai]
The meaning of being thorough is to pass the water to all parts of the mouth. The meaning of being thorough in snuffing water is to snuff the water to the uppermost part of the nose.
– Use siwaak for the Prophet ﷺ said,
“Had it not been that I might cause hardship to my Ummah, I would have ordered them to use a Siwaak with every wudhu.” [Musnad Imam Ahmad]
– Run fingers through the beard when washing the face. The Prophet ﷺ ran his fingers through his beard when performing wudhu. [at-Tirmidhi]
– Wipe the head. The way of wiping the head is to start from the forehead until the nape of the neck and back to the front again. As for what is obligatory of wiping the head, then it is wiping the whole of the head in any manner, from the front to the back and to the front again.
“…and the Messenger of Allah wiped his head with his two hands from the front to the back and then to the front again…” [Bukari, Muslim]
– Run water through the fingers and toes
– Begin with the right hand and foot
– Increase washing from one to three times when washing the face, arms, and feet
– Pronounce the Shahadah upon completion. For the Prophet ﷺ said,
“…the eight doors of Paradise will be opened for him and he can enter from whichever one of them he desires.” [Saheeh Muslim]
– Perform wudhu at home
“Whoever purifies (performs wudhu) in his house and then walks to one of the Houses of Allah (the masjid) to perform an obligation of Allah, one of every two steps, a sin is removed and with the other, his level is raised (in Paradise).” [Saheeh Muslim]
– Use water economically
– Exceed the area of what is obligatory when washing the hands and feet. When Abu Huraira radhiAllahu ‘anhu performed his wudhu he washed his hand up to his upper arm (i.e. up to his elbow and just beyond it) and then said, “This is the way I saw the Messenger ﷺ perform wudhu.” [Saheeh Muslim]
– Perform two Rakah after completing wudhu
“Whoever performs wudhu in a way that I perform it and then prays two rakah of prayer and does not think of anything else (unrelated to the prayer) during it, his past sins will be forgiven.” [Saheeh Bukhari]
In another hadeeth it was mentioned, “…Paradise would be made obligatory for him.” [Saheeh Muslim]
A Muslim performs wudhu many times during the day and night. Some people perform it five times and others perform it more, depending on whether they pray additional optional prayers, such as Salah ad-Duha or Qiyaam al-Layl.
Benefits of Observing these Sunan in Wudhu:
The Prophet ﷺ said, “Whoever performs ablution well, the sins leave his body even from under his fingernails.” [Saheeh Muslim]
The Prophet ﷺ also said,
“There is no one among you who performs wudhu well and then performs two rakah of prayer with his heart and face (i.e. with khushu) except that Paradise will be made obligatory for him and he will be forgiven.” [Saheeh Muslim]
General Words of Advice from Imam an-Nawawi
Indeed, a person obtains this level (of khushu) by striving against his own self (i.e. his lowly desires) and against the whispering of Shaytan – repulsing them from himself such that he is fully preoccupied with this striving, without losing focus even for the blink of an eye. Hence, he is safeguarded from Shaytan due to his striving and emptying his heart of everything that is harmful to it.
[Book: More than 1000 Sunan Every Day and Night (Adhkar Min Alf Sunnah Fee Al-Yawm Wa Al-Laylah, Dar-us-Salaam Publications)]