Al-Baqarah · Juz 1 · Qur'an Tafseer

Tafseer Al-Baqarah Ayah 21

يَـأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُواْ رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِىْ خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ  

Ya ayyuha annasuoAAbudoo rabbakumu allathee khalaqakum wallatheenamin qablikum laAAallakum tattaqoon 

“O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous.”


Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala mentioned His Oneness in divinity and stated that He has favored His servants by bringing them to life after they did not exist. Taqwa in this ayah means ‘protect’ (i.e. ‘ward off’ harm from) your self. Basically, this ayah is a call to all of mankind.

Several scholars of Tafsir, like Ar-Razi and others, used this Ayat as an argument for the existence of the Creator, and it is a most worthy method of argument. It gives the clear concept of Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah (To believe that none has the right to be worshipped other than Allah). The Oneness of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala in truth (for example praying, invoking, asking for help from the unseen, swearing, slaughtering sacrifices, giving charity, fasting, pilgrimage for Allah alone).

The Two Sahihs record that Ibn Mas`ud said, “I said to the Messenger of Allah, `Which evil deed is the worst with Allah?’ He salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, 

“To take an equal with Allah, while He alone created you.”

Also, Mu`adh narrated the Prophet’s Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam statement,

“Do you know Allah’s right on His servants? They must worship Him alone and refrain from associating anything with Him in worship.

Another Hadith states, 

None of you should say,  “What Allah and so-and-so person wills”. Rather, let him say, “What Allah wills, and then what so-and-so person wills.”

 This is the significance of the basic declaration of the Islamic creed, or لا إله إلا الله (La illaha IllAllah- there is no God but Allah). But, obviously, it is not enough to affirm the Oneness of God orally; one must have a complete certitude, and must also have the truth always present close to one’s heart, for Tawheed is to see Allah as one, and not merely to say that He is one. 

Point of Reflection: 

Today, the number of those who can respect this basic formula of the Islamic creed runs to millions all over the world – far more than it ever did, but mostly it is just an expense of breath: their lives do not show the color of Tawheed; or otherwise, they should have been like their forefathers who were daunted neither by wealth nor by power, awed neither by numbers nor by pomp and show to turn their back upon the Truth – when a prophet could all by himself stand up against the world, and say: “Then plot against me, and give me no respite!” (7:195). If the blessed Companions (radiallahu anhum) and their successors (rahmatullahi alaihim) came to dominate the world in a few years, the secret lay in this Tawheed, correctly understood and practiced.

May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala bless all the Muslims with this great gift Ameen Ya Rabul Alameen.



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